9 July 2005

Angola: 1992 Presidential Poll Second Round Considered Extemporaneous

Luanda — The National Assembly (Angolan Parliament) on Friday considered as politically extemporaneous and juridically unsustainable the holding of the second round of the 1992 presidential election.

Meeting in plenary session by the initiative of the ruling MPLA Parliamentary group, the National Assembly, with this fact, shows a political standing on the conclusion of the 1992 electoral circle, whose highest point was the general elections held in September 29-30, 1992.

In its introductory note, the ruling MPLA presented five reasons to sustain that it does not make sense the holding of the poll, after over a decade of the first round, as it has been defended by some social, political forces, in press and forums, held throughout the country.

"Only one persisting disagreeing voice, that we respect, has defended the need of its holding", said the leader of MPLA Parliamentary bench, Bornito de Sousa, referring, clearly, to the president of opposition PDA party, Alberto Neto, the third most voted candidate in the 1992 poll.

Concerning to the first of the five reasons, he pointed out the substantial alteration of the 1992 electoral circumstances that perturbed not only the second round but, above all, the new circle started for 2006 elections.

Still according to the MP, the second round loses sense when it is known that the composition of the electoral college has changed significantly and even if it was held today, many of thousands of youths who since 1992 until the referred elections turned 18 years old would not cast their votes in the second round of the presidential poll.

The elections held in September 29-30, 1992 were contemporaneous of the presidential poll, but it was not conclusive, because it was necessary a second round between the most voted candidates, namely José Eduardo dos Santos, with 49,57 votes, and Jonas Savimbi, with 40,07, as they did not obtain 50 percent of the votes

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