analysisBy Ademola Adeyemo
The political bureau came out with a report that a socialist ideology be introduced through a process of social mobilization, that local governments be strengthened as the effective third tier of government, and that a two-party system be created. The government accepted the recommendations except the proposal advocating socialism.
The government decreed the formation of two new parties in October 1989, requiring that the parties drew from a national, as opposed to a regional, constituency to prevent such a dichotomy. The constitution of the Third Republic was drafted in 1989, when the former Military President, General Ibrahim Babangida promised to terminate military rule by 1990. But this was not to be as the date was subsequently pushed back to 1993.
However, the ban on political activity was lifted by the military government in 1989 when two political parties: National Republican Convention (NRC) and the Social Democratic Party (SDP) were established.
Governorship and state House of Assembly elections were conducted in December, 1991. But the presidential election was postponed till 12 June, 1993.
On 23 June, 1993, IBB had the election annulled, and this threw the country into chaos. IBB eventually bowed to pressures from his inner circle and resigned from office on 23 August 1993. Ernest Shonekan, a Yoruba business man, and the head of IBB's transition team, assumed the office of the presidency as the Head of the Interim National Government. Shonekan was unable to manage the political turmoil. His caretaker government was quietly removed from office, by the Minister of Defence, General Sani Abacha on 17 November 1993. On 11 June 1994, president-elect Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola, declared himself president and went into hiding. The Abacha administration tracked Abiola down and arrested him for treason. Abiola remained in prison until his death in 1998.
Babangida's Civilian Governors
Dr Ogbonnaya Onu
Dr Ogbonnaya Onu was the first civilian Governor of Abia State. He was elected under the umbrella of the National Republican Convention (NRC) . He was the first Chairman, Conference of Nigerian Governors (1992-1993). He was removed along with other governors from office through the military coup of November 17,1993. He later contested for governorship again in 2003 and 2007 in the All Peoples Party (APP) but lost.
Onu was born on December 1, 1951 in Ebonyi State. He graduated with a first class honours degree in Chemical Engineering at the University of Lagos. He later obtained a Ph.D in Chemical Engineering at the University of California. He was first Head of the Chemical Engineering Department at the University of Port Harcourt
Alhaji Abubakar Saleh Michica was the governor of Adamawa State between Jan 1992 and Nov 1993 in the National Republican Convention (NRC).
Obong Akpan James Isemin
Obong Akpan James Isemin was the first civilian Governor of Akwa Ibom State. Between 2nd January, 1992 to 18th November 1993, Isemin was governor on the platform of NRC . He beat Obong Ekong Etuk of the then Social Democratic Party. He hailed from Mbioto in Etinan Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State. After his exit from office in 1993 through the Late General Sani Abacha's military coup, he contested again on the platform of All Peoples Party (APP) against Obong Victor Attah in 1999, but could not make it. Even in 2003 where he tried to go to the Senate to represent Uyo senatorial district, he also lost out.
He died on Wednesday June 17, 2009 barely four months to his 70th birth day, having been born on October 5, 1939. The late Obong Isemin was a 1963 Economics graduate from the University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
Dr. Chukwuemeka Ezeife
Dr. Chukwuemeka Ezeife was the governor of Anambra State under the umbrella of the Social Democratic Party (SDP) between 2nd January, 1992 to 17th November 1993 . After leaving office, Ezeife who is reputed to be a social democrat with deep interest in radical and intellectual politics, became the presidential Adviser on Political Matters to former President Olusegun Obasanjo.
Dr. Ezeife was born at Igbo-Ukwu, South-East Nigeria, on 20th November, 1939. He had his primary education in his home-town. He did not go to secondary school, yet through correspondence courses entered into the university, the same year with his age group.
A holder of BSc Hons (Economics) London, through the University College Ibadan. Dr. Ezeife completed his formal education at Harvard University with masters and PhD degrees in 1972.
Alhaji Dahiru Mohammed
Alhaji Dahiru Mohammed was Bauchi State's eighth Chief Executive. He was elected governor in 1991 on the platform of the National Republican Convention (NRC). His tenure was cut short by the re-emergence of the military in the political landscape of Nigeria in 1993.
Rev. Fr. Moses Adasu
Rev. Moses Orshio Adasu was born on June 12, 1945 at Mbaamena, near Awajir in Shangev-Tiev District of Konshisha Local Government Area of Benue State.
In 1955, he served as Govenor of Benue State from January 1992 to November 1993 on the platform of NRC . Born on June 12, 1945, he had been a Catholic priest, administrator, university lecturer, author and politician. The Catholic Church ordained him a priest on December 19, 1971
Adasu who died recently, was also a custodian of the Tarka legacy. When the military overthrew the civilian government in 1993, he retired into private life. He died at the Eko Hospital in Lagos on November 20, 2005.
Abba Gana Terab
Former governor of Borno State, Abba Gana Terab, was elected into office in January 1992 and served till November 1993 when the military sacked the civilian regime headed by Shonekan. He later became the All Nigeria Peoples Party (ANPP) Chairman in Borno state.
Clement David Ebri
Mr Clement David Ebri was the civilian governor of Cross River between January 1992 and November 1993 under the NRC. Ebri was little known in political circles in Cross Rivers State until he got elected into the 1989 Constituent Assembly. Before then he was at one time, the Editor of the Nigerian Chronicle and the Director of the now distressed Mercantile Bank of Nigeria.
Ebri later became the National Chairman of the Progressive Peoples Alliance (PPA). He made an attempt to return to the office when he contested the state gubernatorial primaries of the PDP. When President Olusegun Obasanjo constituted the Presidential Committee on the Review of the 1999 Constitution, Ebri got nominated as a member of the committee by the PDP.
Olorogun Felix Ibru
Olorogun Felix Ibru was the civilian governor of Delta State between 1992 and 1993 on the platform of SDP. After his tenure as governor, he contested the senatorial election and was elected into the senate between 1999 and 1993. He is currently the President General of Urhobo Progressive Union(UPU).
Chief John Oyegun
Chief John Oyegun was the civilian governor of Edo State between 1992 and 1993 under the umbrella of SDP. An elder statesman and leader of the All Nigeria Peoples Party (ANPP), Chief John Odigie Oyegun is now the chairman of the Technical Working Committee of CODER
Dr Okwesilieze Nwodo, a medical doctor was elected governor of Enugu State in 1991 on the platform of NRC. He later became two-term National secretary of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP)
Chief Evan Enwerem was the civilian governor of Imo State between 1991 and 1993 under NRC .
He was born in Ikeduru, Imo State, Nigeria, on October 29, 1935. He obtained his bachelor's degree from the University of Southampton in the United Kingdom. An astute politician, after his exit from office as governor, he was elected as a senator and later became the Senate President in 1999.
Enwerem was removed from office on November 18, 1999. He died on 2nd August 2007 at the National Hospital in Abuja, at the age of 71.
Ali Sa'ad Birnin-Kudu
Ali Sa'ad Birnin-Kudu, a lawyer, served as governor of Jigawa State from January 1992 until November 1993 under SDP. After his exit from office, he joined the National Democratic Party (NDP) and later Peoples Democratic Party (PDP).
Mohammed Dabo Lere
Alhaji Mohammed Dabo Lere was elected the civilian governor of Kaduna State in 1991. He was removed from office in 1993 after a military putsch.
Kabiru Ibrahim Gaya
Senator Kabiru Ibrahim Gaya, an architect became Kano State governor in November 1991 on the platform of PDP. A graduate of Ahmadu Bello University (ABU), Zaria, Gana after leaving office in 1993, contined with politics and was elected as Senator representing Kano South District under ANPP in 1999.
Alhaji Sa'idu Bada was the civilian governor of Katsina State under the NRC between 1991 and 1993. He defeated President Umaru Yar'Adua who contested on the platform of SDP in 1991. He is now the Deputy Chairman, Arewa Consultative Council
Prince Abubakar Audu was a two term-Governor of Kogi State. He served first time as governor from January 1991until November 1993 under the NRC and again elected as governor from May 29, 1999 to May 29, 2003. His attempts to return to office again in 1993 and 1997 under the platform of ANPP were truncated.
Governor of Kwara State between 1991 and 1993.under the SDP. He left office in 1993 after the military coup. He is the Chairman of the National Sugar Development Council.
Sir Michael Otedola was elected the ninth Governor of Lagos State on December 4, 1991 under the National Republic Convention (NRC). A respected Nigeria and community leader, Sir Otedola retired into private life after his tenure was terminated on November 18, 1993. He retired into private life.
Chief Olusegun Osoba is a Nigerian journalist and a twice elected governor of Ogun State. He was first elected in 1991 as governor of Ogun State under the umbrella of SDP.
He became governor again in 1999 under the platform of Alliance for Democracy. Osoba was born in Osogbo on July 15, 1941. He was educated at the University of Lagos and Indiana University Bloomington. Osoba stepped into politics after leaving Daily Times as Managing Director in 1989. A year earlier, he was a member of the Constituent Assembly..
Evangelist Bamidele Olumilua served as governor of Ondo State between 1991 and 1993. After he left office, he joined the PDP in 1998. He was appointed as the Chairman of the Christian Pilgrims Board. He later defected to the Action Congress(AC)
Alhaji Isiaka Adetunji Adeleke is the first Executive Governor of Osun State. He was elected in 1991 under SDP and was in power for about 23 months (January 1992 - November 1993) before the military government aborted the transition. Adeleke later joined APP when the ban on politics was listed in 1998. He is now a member of PDP and a Senator representing Osun West .
Chief Kolapo Olawuyi Isola was the civilian governor of Oyo State between 1991 and 1993 under the umbrella of SDP. He left office following the military coup of 1993. Isola later joined PDP when the ban on politics was lifted.
Ambassador Fidelis Tapgun was elected as the civilian governor of Plateau State in 1991 under the platform of NRC . He was sacked from office when the military took over in 1993.
He later became the Director-General of the Obasanjo-Atiku Campaign Organisation between 2002 and 2003. He was Nigerian Ambassador to Kenya between 2000 until his recall to head the Presidents re-election campaign in 2002. He also served as Minister of Industry.
Chief Rufus Ada-George was the civilian governor of Rivers State between 1991 and 1993 under NRC. After his tenure was truncated by the Abacha-led military coup, Ada George retired into private life until the ban on politics was lifted . He is a an active leader in Rivers State politics.
Alhaji Abdulkarim was elected Governor of the old Sokoto State in the Third Republic on the ticket of the National Republican Convention (NRC). Born on August 21, 1944, he joined the civil service of the defunct North-Western State government as a teacher and rose through the service to become Director-General in the Ministry of Budget and Economic Planning, Sokoto State where he retired in 1989.
Jolly Tavoro Nyame
Jolly Tavoro Nyame was two-term governor of Taraba State. He served first from January 1992 to November 1993. He also served as governor from 29 May 1999 to 29 May 2007. He is a member of the ruling People's Democratic Party
Bukar Abba Ibrahim
Alhaji Bukar Abba Ibrahim contested and won the gubernatorial election under the banner of the Social Democratic Party (SDP) in 1991 . He held that position until November 1993, when the military took control of government.
Nigeria transited from military to civilian rule beginning in May 1999. Gubernatorial elections were held in January 1999 and Ibrahim was again elected governor, this time under the banner of the All People's Party (APP), and took oath of office on 29 May, 1999. He was re-elected in 2003 for a second four-year term and was one of the only four incumbent ANPP governors to maintain their positions.