New York — In accordance with the mechanism of regular political dialogue between Chinese and African Foreign Ministers set up at the Beijing Summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC), the Foreign Ministers of China and 42 African countries, or their representatives, held their second political consultation in New York on 23 September 2010. The Chairperson of the African Union (AU) Commission was invited to the consultation.
The meeting was co-chaired by the People's Republic of China and the Arab Republic of Egypt, the two co-chair countries of FOCAC.
The Chinese and African sides had an in-depth exchange of views on strengthening China-Africa cooperation in international affairs, making progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and promoting peace and security in Africa. They reached the following consensus:
1. The two sides applauded FOCAC's important role in guiding the comprehensive and fast growth of China-Africa friendship over the past 10 years since FOCAC's inception, and its contribution to South-South cooperation, common development and the building of a harmonious world. They reaffirmed the commitment of FOCAC member countries to improving the institutional building of FOCAC, strengthening practical cooperation in various areas within the FOCAC framework, enriching the Forum and promoting in-depth development of the new type of China-Africa strategic partnership.
2. The two sides expressed satisfaction with the comprehensive implementation of the follow-up actions of the FOCAC Beijing Summit. They highly appreciated the fact that despite the adverse impact of the global financial crisis, the Chinese government announced new measures for enhancing China-Africa cooperation at the 4th FOCAC Ministerial Conference held in Sharm El Sheikh in 2009.
3. The two sides commended the progress achieved in implementing the Sharm El Sheikh Declaration and the Sharm El Sheikh Action Plan in the period since November 2009. They reiterated that China and Africa will enhance coordination and cooperation to ensure the effective
implementation of the outcomes of the 4th Ministerial Conference for the benefit of both the Chinese and African people. In this respect, the African side expressed appreciation of increased concessional loans to African countries by the Chinese side and welcomed the Chinese offer to increase the size of the China-Africa Development Fund to 3 billion US dollars, and gradually to 5 billion US dollars, to support the expansion of Chinese investments in Africa.
4. The two sides expressed satisfaction that, despite the adverse impact of the global financial crisis, the African economy maintains sound momentum of recovery, which needs to be further consolidated. Although the countries on the continent now enjoy greater collective influence in international affairs, it is still insufficient in relation to their political and economic potentials, size and population. The two sides also expressed concern over the new challenges experienced by Africa, such as terrorism, acts of piracy, activities of transnational organized crime, the adverse effects of climate change, and the global financial crisis, among others. In this regard, they called on the international community to increase its support for peace and development efforts in Africa in order to secure stability and security.
5. The Chinese side highly commended the efforts of the AU and other African regional organizations and African countries to independently resolve regional conflicts and maintain regional peace and stability. China will continue to engage constructively in the good offices and resolution of hotspot issues in Africa, and support the important role of the United Nations (UN) Security Council in helping resolve regional conflicts in Africa. China will continue to support and participate in the peacekeeping operations in Africa. In this regard, the two sides reaffirmed the importance of the UN peacekeeping operations in the African continent, under the auspices of the UN and the AU. They
undertook to strengthen cooperation on the training of peacekeeping personnel, and to upgrade African capacities in this important field. In this context, China and Africa called upon the international community and the UN agencies, including the Security Council to increase their
technical, financial and logistical support to the AU peacekeeping missions.
6. The Chinese side reaffirmed its support for the African integration process and respect for the independent decisions made by African countries on ways to achieve integration. China will further enhance its coordination and cooperation with African Regional Economic Communities (RECs) on major international and regional issues, and continue to actively support the capacity- building of the AU and other regional organizations, the implementation of the New Partnership for Africa's Development ( NEPAD) and sub-regional economic integration.
The Chinese side welcomes the adoption of the Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa and continues to support infrastructure development in Africa as a priority of China-Africa cooperation. China is ready to provide support within its capacity to the construction of major infrastructure projects in Africa to promote African social and economic development and regional
7. The Chinese side hailed African countries' efforts to attain the MDGs, especially their notable progress in making primary education universal and improving the health of children and women. At the same time, China noted the enormous challenges Africa faced in achieving the MDGs on schedule, challenges that were further compounded by the international financial crisis, the adverse effects of climate change and the lack of adequate resources, especially those committed by developed countries, to meet these challenges. China called upon the international community, developed countries in particular, to promptly honor their commitments on assistance and debt reduction and provide more financial and technological support to help African countries attain the MDGs at an early date.
8. The two sides recognized the positive role of China-Africa cooperation on trade, assistance and investment through FOCAC and other channels in advancing economic and social development of both sides and in implementing the MDGs. In its cooperation with the African countries, the Chinese side will continue to follow the principles of mutual benefit and sustainable development, give priority to raising the value added of African products, further open its market to African products, and further improve the trade mix for the balanced development of China-Africa trade. The two sides underscored the importance of refocusing global efforts on concluding the WTO Doha Round in a fair and balanced manner, in which development lies at its core, as an additional channel for African countries to create wealth and reduce poverty.
The two sides noted with appreciation the increase in the flow of Chinese tourism, and the African side called for more Chinese investments in the tourism sector, which is an effective means of promoting economic growth in Africa and deepening cultural ties between Africa and China.
9. The two sides noted the serious food security challenge facing the world and stressed that the international community should pay greater attention to food security of developing countries, African countries in particular. The two sides noted with concern the renewed cycle of food commodity price increases and its potential adverse impacts on African economies, and called on the international community to refocus its attention and intensify its efforts to tackle the underlying causes of these increases, to avert the recurrence of a global food security crisis. The two sides urged the international community to increase their support to African countries in financial resources, technology, market access and capacity-building and take active measures to help African countries counter the effects of climate change on agricultural production.
10. The Chinese side stated its support for the efforts of African countries to increase agricultural production by pursuing relevant agricultural policies and institutional reforms and implementing the Comprehensive African Agricultural Development Program (CAADP) of NEPAD. It reiterated its commitment to strengthening agricultural and food security cooperation with African countries, especially by means of increasing agricultural investment, infrastructure development and applicable agro- technology exchange and transfer, in order to help African countries enhance their agricultural production and food security.
11. The two sides called for reforming the international financial system in a comprehensive, balanced, incremental and result-oriented manner, increasing the representation and voice of developing countries and making the international financial system more just, equitable, inclusive and orderly. The reform of the international financial system should be pursued collectively and be based on clear and agreed principles. The two sides agreed that Africa remains under-represented in the international financial system and the emerging global economic governance structures in general.
The two sides reaffirmed the need for strengthening the role of the UN through-inter alia-, its reform and, as a matter of priority increasing the representation of African countries in the Security Council and other UN agencies. In this regard, African countries expressed their appreciation for the Chinese support to the African just and fair causes in the international fora, particularly in the General
Assembly and in the Security Council of the UN.
12. The two sides stressed that the international community should uphold the principles and provisions of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and its Kyoto Protocol, the principle of "common but differentiated responsibilities" in particular, advance the dual-track negotiations under the "Bali Roadmap", and work for positive outcomes of the Cancun conference in Mexico to be held at the end of this year, including reaching agreement on the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol. The two sides called upon the developed countries to give full consideration to the urgent need of African countries to build their capacity of adaptation to climate
change and honor their commitments of financial support and technology transfer in good faith.
13. China expressed its support for the legitimate concerns of African countries in tackling climate change. It will work with African countries to implement the China-Africa partnership in addressing climate change established at the 4th Ministerial Conference of FOCAC and strengthen coordination and communication with African countries on climate changes as well as cooperation in relevant scientific research, technological R&D and human resources to support the capacity-building of African countries against climate change.
14. The two sides emphasized the great significance of the political consultations between Foreign Ministers of China and African countries in boosting mutual trust and deepening the new type of China-Africa strategic partnership. They will continue to have dialogue and consultation on a regular basis to strengthen communication and coordination between China and Africa on major international and regional issues.