The honours and decorations will be awarded by the President of the Republic, on proposals made by the Assembly, the central and provincial governments, the defence forces, the municipalities and educational and research institutes.
All matters concerning honours will also be discussed by a new National Commission on Honours and Decorations, with representatives from a wide range of areas.
The bill was discussed and approved by the Social Affairs Commission and by the Assembly's Legal and Constitutional Affairs Commission. All Renamo members on these commissions voted in favour of the bill, and did not demand further amendments.
Yet in the Thursday plenary, Renamo deputies demanded that honours should also be named after people and places associated with Renamo's apartheid-backed war against the Mozambican state.
They wanted an Order named after Andre Matsangaissa, the man recruited by the Ian Smith regime in Rhodesia to head Renamo when it was being set up in 1976. There were even suggestions for an Order named after the current Renamo leader, Afonso Dhlakama, even though he is still alive.
They demanded a "Maringue Medal", named after the district in central Mozambique where the Renamo headquarters was located during the war of destabilisation.
Renamo deputy Lucia Afate, who voted in favour of the bill in the Social Affairs Commission, in the plenary clamed it ignored "other dates, other places and other historical personalities of the country", and was therefore an attack against national unity.
The Frelimo majority rejected any attempt to equate those who liberated the country with those who attempted to destroy it. "We reject the rewriting of history", declared Danilo Ragu.
The bill passed its first reading by 188 votes to 48. All members of Frelimo and of the Mozambique Democratic Movement (MDM) present in the chamber voted in favour, and all members of Renamo voted against.