Capital FM (Nairobi)

7 April 2012

Malawi: Kenya Condoles With Malawians After Mutharika's Death

Malawi's vice-president Joyce Banda has been sworn in as the country's new leader, following the death of President Bingu wa Mutharika. Azhar Sukri ... ( Resource: Joyce Banda Sworn in as President of Malawi

President Mwai Kibaki has sent a message of condolence to the family, the Government and people of the Republic of Malawi following the death of Bingu wa Mutharika, President of the Republic of Malawi.

In his message President Kibaki termed the demise of President Mutharika as a great loss not only to the people of Malawi but also to the entire African continent and the world at large.

The President said, "On my own behalf, the Government and people of Kenya, I wish to convey our heartfelt condolences to the family of the late President, relatives, the Government and people of the Republic of Malawi."

The Head of State affirmed that Kenya joined the people of Malawi in mourning the consummate African leader who was dedicated to serving citizens of Malawi with distinction.

President Kibaki said in the message, "His academic background and as a world-renown economist, he will be remembered for steering the Southern African country to great success especially in terms of food production and security."

The Head of State stated that late President Mutharika was a distinguished economist and international diplomat who served his country and indeed the African continent in numerous distinguished capacities and made fundamental contributions to world economic development.

President Kibaki eulogized the death of the Malawian leader terming it a great loss to the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa region (COMESA), the African Continent and the entire world of community of nations.

He prayed to God to give the family, the Government and people of Malawi the strength to bear the heavy loss and grief.

Mutharika died after a heart attack, political and hospital sources said Friday, sparking a backroom power struggle between his party and the country's vice president.

But a full day after his death, and even as the United States offered its condolences and voiced fears about the delay in the transfer of power, state media was still insisting that Mutharika was in South Africa for treatment.

News of the 78-year-old's death nevertheless trickled into the country through foreign radio, private local media and social networks.

"The president died yesterday, and his body has been flown to South Africa for embalming and for the process to be dignified," a government official, speaking on condition of anonymity, told AFP.

"The official announcement will come later on," the source added.

But the government's refusal to announce Mutharika's death has heightened fears of a political crisis in Malawi.

For while under the terms of the constitution, Vice President Joyce Banda should immediately take office, she was expelled from the ruling party in 2010.

She formed her own People's Party after Mutharika anointed his brother Peter as his successor, and one source close to Mutharika's party said his allies were trying to keep Banda from power.

"The inner circle of the ruling Democratic Progressive Party has been meeting secretly to thwart Joyce Banda from becoming president," the source told AFP.

"They want to push forward the name of Peter Mutharika as acting president until 2014," the source added.

"The idea of flying his remains to South Africa was to buy time, for embalming and for a dignified funeral as he will come back in a very expensive casket," the source said.

In the midst of the news blackout, Banda called a news conference at her home in the capital Lilongwe to denounce the government for failing to come clean, and to make it clear that she was next in line for the presidency.

"The people of Malawi have the right to know about the state of health of the president," Banda said, in remarks carried live on private radio.

"I would like to appeal to all Malawians and the international community, that we should adhere to the constitution of the Republic of Malawi (which) states that if the president is incapacitated, the vice president shall assume office."

Washington, which last year joined many donors in suspending aid to Malawi over concerns about Mutharika's governance, threw its support behind Banda.

"Malawi's constitution lays out a clear path for succession and we expect it to be observed," Johnnie Carson, the assistant secretary of state for African affairs, said in a statement.

"We are concerned about the delay in the transfer of power. We trust that the vice president who is next in line will be sworn in shortly."

Mutharika, a former World Bank economist who first came to power in 2004, was re-elected with a sweeping majority in 2009 as president of the poor southern African country.

But he increasingly came under fire for attempts to rein in the media and to shield the government from public criticism. - Capital Reporter and PPS

His feuds with donors and lenders such as the International Monetary Fund have hamstrung the economy in this aid-dependent nation. Now Malawi is suffering from shortages of foreign currency that have left it unable to import enough fuel.

When public frustration erupted into nationwide street protests in July, police shot 19 people dead. Last month, a broad coalition of rights groups called on Mutharika to resign.

Malawi suffered for decades under the brutal dictatorship of Kamuzu Banda, and is proud of the hard-fought democratic freedoms that were ushered in with multi-party elections in 1994.

Any attempt to circumvent the constitution would certainly meet with resistance, analysts said.

"It's automatic that she takes over the presidency," lawyer Wapona Kita told AFP. "The reality on the ground is that Joyce Banda takes over until the remainder of the term in 2014, unless someone wants to change the rules."

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InFocus

Joyce Banda Sworn in As President of Malawi

The women's rights and development advocate, who has been vice president since 2009, took the oath of office Saturday. President Bingu wa Mutharika died on Thursday. Read more »