In any Democratic multi-party system, the primary objective of a party is to wait as an alternative to the ruling party.
Its political ambition is always to come one day to power, if it can achieve a parliament majority vote in an election.
It will not come to power if it doesn't win popular support from the people. It cannot win this popular support unless it stands in opposition, to exploit, the weakness of the ruling party.
All the wrong political, economic and social policies of the ruling party must be exposed to the people so that the people can see where and why things have gone wrong. In the Republic of South Sudan there is the ruling party the SPLM and some other small parties which we cannot say have formed a coalition government or a broad based government.
It is worth mentioning that the SPLM deserves to rule the South for a period it is able to do so, because of the following reasons.
1.It had shouldered most of the struggle for the South to attain its independence, though the other parties had also contributed in one way or another.
2.There is no any political party with a political and popular weight to challenge the SPLM to dislodge it from power at present and even in unpredictable number of years, unless these small parties have to devise and adopt a new strategy to confront the SPLM.
3.Some leaders of the other small parties pursue their interest first. They crave for ministerial appointment and opt to maintain the existence of their small parties to facilitate them for another term of appointment, instead of discharging themselves for the party duties, in order to consolidate their parties. Hence we cannot be deceived that we now have a board based government. What we have now is an absolute one party state. Those three or so ministers appointed from the other small parties do not reach a percentage worth representing the other small parties.
4.The SPLA and the other security organs continue to pay their loyalty to the SPLM especially in seeing that the SPLM wins any forthcoming election. The failure of the members of the other small parties who participated in the making of the transitional constitution to convince the SPLM members in the committee to agree to change the title of the SPLA to read SSAF South Sudan armed forces had contributed to this situation. The title SSAF qualifies the army to have the characteristic status of a national army. The members of the other small parties were expected to resign from the committee in the event of SPLM members' refusal to agree on fair representation of the small parties to participate in the present government.
5. The other small parties are losing very rapidly most of their prominent members especially in greater Equatoria. These members have decided to:
-Defect to the SPLM
Become reserved /inactive /frustrated.
Get appointed to other constitutional posts through their own initiative and not in the ticket of their parties. This kind of appointment of course violates the rules and the regulations of the party. However the party leaders are silent about it, simply because they have secured their interest. Again they will not criticize this kind of appointment for fear of losing their posts.