On June 14, 2012, the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights (EOHR) submitted a challenge to the Egyptian administrative court to stop activation of the Minister of Justice decree No. 4991 for the year 2012 which was published in the official newspaper on 13/6/2012 as it gives authority to officers, non-commissioned officers of military intelligence and military police of judicial arrest of civilians for their crimes (non-military ones).
The administrative court discusses the challenge against the decree on June 19, 2012.
The Minister of Justice's illegal decree gives authority of judicial arrest to the fore mentioned categories in the crimes set forth in sections (I, II and II bis, VII, XII and XIII) of the second book of the Penal Code, in Chapter XV and XVI of the third book of the same law.
The court challenge made it clear that among the crimes where the officers have authority are:
"harmful crimes and misdemeanors to the security of the government from the outside and the inside, explosives, rulers resistance and the non-compliance with their orders and the verbal and other types of abuse of them, the destruction of buildings and monuments and any public object, disruption of transportation, stop working for public interests, the attack on freedom to work and finally intimidation and bullying".