26 June 2012

Egypt: Chronology of Events in Egypt


25 January - Thousands of Egyptians take to the streets nationwide, protesting against the Hosni Mubarak regime. The protests are violently dispersed and many people detained.

28 January - Egyptians march in great numbers after Friday prayers. Hundreds are killed and thousands wounded. Mubarak delivers a speech, sacking Ahmed Nazif's government, but the sit-in ensues.

11 February - Millions of Egyptians take to the streets to protest in what is dubbed 'Defiance Friday.' At 6 pm, Omar Sulieman announces on State TV that Mubarak has stepped down.

2 March - PM Ahmed Shafiq confronted by writer Alaa Al Aswany on ONTV, afterwards hands in his resignation.

19 March - The first post-Mubarak referendum on constitutional amendments proposed under SCAF supervision takes place. Many Egyptians line up in front of polling stations for the first time in their lives.

8 April - Mass protests take place in Tahrir Square demanding the full dismantling of the old regime, regarding it as bent on counter-revolution.

15 May- Nakba Day witnesses protests outside the Israeli Embassy in Cairo in solidarity with Palestinians. Over 150 protesters are arrested.

8 July - Protesters stage one of their trademark million-man marches in Tahrir Square to pressure the army into speeding up trials of former regime figures and police officers accused of killing demonstrators in January. A sit-in follows.

3 August - The trial of Mubarak begins. The former President, wheeled into a courtroom cage on a bed, pleads not guilty to charges of killing protesters and abuse of power.

9 September - Anger following the killing of several Egyptian army officers and security personnel on the Egyptian-Israeli border. Protesters storm the Israeli Embassy building in Giza sending hundreds of documents out of the window of the building into the streets below.

21 November - The cabinet led by Prime Minister Essam Sharaf submits its resignation in the wake of the Mohamed Mahmoud Street clashes.

22 November - Egypt's de facto ruler, Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi, promises that the army will hand over power to an elected president before the end of June 2012.

25 November - Kamal El-Ganzouri who served as Prime Minister under Mubarak from 1996 to 1999, is named as the new interim premier following the departure of Sharaf.

28 November - The first stage of Egypt's three-phase People's Assembly (Lower House) elections begins.

2012 January - Islamist parties emerge as victors of drawn-out parliamentary elections.

2012 March - Pope Shenouda III, the veteran head of the Coptic Church, dies.

2012 May - Muslim Brotherhood candidate Mohammed Mursi tops the first round of voting in first free presidential elections, narrowly ahead of Mubarak-era Prime Minister Ahmed Shafiq.

2012 June - Court sentences ex-President Mubarak to life in prison for complicity in the killing of protesters during the 2011 uprising. Supreme Court declares the parliamentary elections invalid, citing unconstitutional articles in the parliamentary elections law. The military government issues two decrees dissolving the Islamist-dominated Parliament, claiming all legislative powers for itself.

Election Commission delays announcing presidential vote result, citing need to investigate over 400 complaints. Finally, Mohamed Mursi is declared winner of the election on Sunday June 24, 2012.

Source: Ahram Online

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