Tanzania: Dar es Salaam Leads in Human Trafficking

Dar es Salaam, Tanzania — Incidents of internal trafficking in Tanzania are said to be higher than the transnational trafficking.

According to the Legal Human Rights Centre (LHRC) 2012 Report, the prevalence of Trafficking in persons in Tanzania; the incidents of internal trafficking in Tanzania are higher than the transnational trafficking.

LHRC report reveals that internal trafficking is usually facilitated by family members and friends and often occurs due to promises made to the family, such as education, or assistance to victim.

Victims of the trafficking in persons in the country are more often used as domestic workers such as house girls and boys, barmaids, while as some are engaged in forced prostitution.

And according to a study conducted by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) Swahili in Tanzania in 2011, revealed that most of the victims of human trafficking in urban settings are deployed as sex workers.

In that study Dar es Salaam city was used as a case study whereby various places were visited and victims interviewed. The country is not free from external trafficking in persons.

In Tanzania the leading regions in the prevalence of human trafficking include: Iringa followed by Kilimanjaro and Morogoro becomes third in the list.

The fourth region is Singida and followed by Dodoma.

LHRC urges that in order to eliminate/eradicate that problem, the state should empower anti-human trafficking institutions so as to curb the situation and at the same time support/help the victims of human trafficking.

LHRC calls upon the people who aspire to go to abroad to find better life opportunities to consider trafficking in persons as a threat.

They should not be motivated by mere promises alone but should rather investigate on the prospective employer to avoid what fellow Tanzanians ladies met in London.

Trafficking in persons has been referred to as neo-slavery.

It is also defined as the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision or obtaining of a person for labour or services through the use of force, fraud or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, and debt bondage or slavery.

According to LHRC Study involuntary servitude, it is when employer exploits workers who are more vulnerable due to compelling circumstances such as high rate of unemployment, poverty, discrimination and political instability.

The most common forms of human trafficking include forced labour, sex trafficking, and bonded labour. Trafficking in persons is said to have two categories: internal and external trafficking.

Trafficking in persons is a global concern in need of international attention.

There are a number of anti-trafficking international conventions and declarations.

Tanzania adopted the international initiatives by enacting of the Anti-Trafficking in persons Act 2008.

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