Former University of Zimbabwe vice-chancellor Graham Hill was forced to resign in 2002 following revelations he had facilitated the enrolment of Zanu PF Manicaland governor Chris Mushowe for a post-graduate programme in 1995 when he did not qualify.
The localisation of setting and marking of exams caused serious leakages of exam papers, mix-ups and errors in question papers and certificates.
The late Edmund Garwe resigned as Education minister in 1996 after his daughter was found in possession of exam papers she had accessed after he had taken them home.
However, University of Zimbabwe (UZ) vice-chancellor Levi Nyagura, widely criticised for presiding over the UZ's decline, is optimistic the education system would return to its former glory. The UZ has now been enrolling students who do not have 'A' Level English, but have 15 points with passes in subjects like Shona, Ndebele, Divinity and Geography.
"Zimbabwe's education is on the rise again and we want to safeguard society by providing quality students who will be effective in industry," said Nyagura.
"At this institution, we aim to bring back our former glory and for the first time, we have enrolled female law students with 14 points and have As in 'O' Level English, as well as 61 first-year female faculty of medicine students."
Higher and Tertiary Education minister Stan Mudenge said the quality of education remained high despite years of deterioration.
"We are now number two in Africa according to UN literacy levels and we want to maintain those high levels," said Mudenge.
The survey shows Zimbabwe has a 92% literacy rate while Tunisia tops with 98%, although the reality is that the quality of the education system has been compromised.