11 November 2012

Libya: 'Demonstration and Set-in Organizing Law' - a New Law to Repress the Freedom of Opinion and Expression

press release

Cairo — ANHRI expressed its deep concern due to "the Libyan national conference, "Parliament" to enact the law on "Demonstration and Set-In organizing", which stipulates that it is conditioned to obtain a permit from the authorities and to determine the place and time of the demonstrations in addition to make the organizers responsible for maintaining the security and order during the demonstrations.

The National Conference has enacted the law that organizes the demonstrations which could restrict the significant means of the freedom of expression. In addition to it restricts the significant tools to press the ruling authorities to achieve the will of the people. The law stipulates that the demonstrations' organizations shall be in accordance with the constitution and shall not obstacle the flow of work of the public utilities. The law provided that the demonstrators shall obtain a precedent permit from the competent authorities. "the demonstration shall have an organized committee composed of three people, head and two members, who shall be named by notice to the security directorate in which the demonstration places in its jurisdiction. The committee shall maintain the order during the demonstration and ban any speech that violates the public order or include incitement for crimes". The law emphasis on the necessity that the demonstrators shall submit a written request to "the security directorate, in which the place of the demonstration lies in its jurisdiction. Such written request shall include the date and the time of starting of the demonstration, date of start, itinerary and ending it before the specified time of the demonstration of 48 hours".

The law also gave the authorities and the concerned bodies the right to amend the date of starting the demonstration and its end. In addition to determining the place of held and its itinerary in order to maintain the public interest, not to disable the interests of the country, maintaining security and exposing the citizens safety to risks. The law also make it possible to abort the attempts to freedom of expression through demonstration as he gave the right of dispersing and banning the demonstrations to the authorities in case of it would cause public security disturbance.

ANHRI said that "Such a law deemed to restrict the freedom of opinion and expression. It is natural that the authorities would ban the demonstrations which erupted against its governmental performance. In addition to, not let the demonstration take place in the significant utilities of the country which deemed to be one of the main basic tools to press the government to respond to the request of its people".

ANHRI calls for the necessity of removing this article related to the restricting of the protest and notfying the authorities must be sufficient as the majority of the world. In addition to, the notifiers should not be liable to maintain the security which is among the core of the work of the executive authorities and its security bodies.

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