A two-day retreat of Senior Experts on development of the Model Structure and Action Plan for the proposed EAC Political Federation ended recently at the Gold Crest Hotel in Mwanza, Tanzania.
The retreat was convened pursuant to the decision of the 25th Meeting of the Council of Ministers and was attended by Senior Experts on regional integration and constitutional matters that included Prof. Sam Tulya-Muhika, Prof. Palamangamba Kabudi, Hon. Amos Wako, Amb. Juma Mwapachu, Hon. Lydia Wanyoto, Dr Patrick Maluki, Mr. Dan Ameyo, Dr. Emanuel Ugirashebuja and other senior experts from the Partner States, and Dr. Julius Rotich and Hon. Wilbert Kaahwa from the EAC Secretariat, among others.
The retreat considered the Zero Draft Model of the Structure and Plan of Action of the Political Federation developed by the Secretariat in line with the Directive of the 10th Extraordinary Summit held in April 2012.
Welcoming the delegates to the retreat, the Deputy Secretary General in charge of Political Federation Dr. Julius Tangus Rotich emphasized that the draft Model of the Structure prescribes far-reaching ameliorative measures towards addressing fears of loss of sovereignty.
He urged the experts to consider, the positive aspect of pooled sovereignty.
In considering the Zero Draft, the Senior Experts agreed that while borrowing from other models, the EAC Model should be tailored in a way that answers to the EAC context as well as the identified fears, challenges and concerns. The Model should be simple enough to be articulated byEA citizens.
The e-xperts agreed that sovereignty was a dicey issue and should be taken positively through championing pooling of sovereignty as opposed to ceding sovereignty.
Under the proposed model, the constituent states will lose the sovereign powers. There was need to consider whether there were success stories of federations where constituent states retained sovereignty and legal personality.