The National Emergency Management Authority (NEMA) on Wednesday advised Nigerians to prepare for the challenges associated with the dry season emergencies.
Alhaji Sani Sidi, the Director General of the agency, gave the advice at a sensitisation and awareness workshop in Ibadan.
He specifically warned Nigerians to be wary of epidemics such as measles, cholera, lassa fever and cerebro-spinal meningitis, among others.
These diseases, he said, were common during the dry season.
Sidi said that the advice was necessary because of the global warming and climate change phenomena.
The director, who was represented by the agency's South West Zonal Coordinator, Mr Iyiola Akande, said that the diseases were among the 10 most critical health disasters associated with the dry season.
"There is, therefore, the urgent need for the public to guard against such diseases with all seriousness."
He said that the International Emergency Data (IED) had confirmed that both women and children were the most vulnerable people.
Sidi emphasised that people should avoid drinking polluted water and stay away from dirty or overcrowded environment.
To ensure disaster risk reduction, Sidi said that people should to stay in well ventilated buildings and keep the environment clean.
While urging the stakeholders to intensify personal environmental hygiene among the people, the NEMA chief also urged the various tiers of government to replicate the advocacy at the grassroots level.
This, he said, was necessary to mitigate the health challenges of the coming dry season.
One of the resource persons at the workshop, Mr Amusat Kolawole who is a disaster management consultant, spoke on community participation and disaster risk reduction.
He urged the people to be fully involved in the crusade.
The workshop was attended by health workers, district heads and school teachers drawn from all the 33 local government areas of Oyo State.