Addis Ababa — The African Union Commission (AUC), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), and the Instituto Lula of Brazil announced today they were joining efforts to help eradicate hunger and undernourishment in Africa.
The decision was reached at a meeting between the Chairperson of the African Union Commission, Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma, FAO Director-General, José Graziano da Silva, and former Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, Honorary President of the Institute bearing his name.
This effort brings together the AUC leadership, FAO technical expertise and renewed commitment to fight hunger as well as the political backing of former Brazilian President Lula Da Silva. Knowledge and support from other international, regional and national partners will also go a long way in enhancing this new partnership.
During the meeting at the headquarters of the African Union in Addis Ababa, the three parties agreed to convene a high-level meeting with African and International Leaders on “New, unified approaches to end hunger in Africa”. The meeting will be held in Addis Ababa on 4 and 5 March 2013.
“Food security is one of the key priorities of the African Union. Africa has the potentials to increase its agricultural production given that almost 60% of the arable land in the continent is still not being utilized. This enormous potential can make a real difference to improve our agricultural production and food security. It is time to move beyond subsistence agricultural production and consider ways of eventually embarking on agro industrial production”, said Dr. Dlamini-Zuma.
President Lula stressed his willingness to share with FAO and the African Union the successful experiences from Brazil in fighting hunger and promoting income distribution through cash transfers and more inclusive development. He also pointed out the miracle that was needed to boost agricultural production.
“The miracle is permitting that poor people have access to credit and technology. We want the poor people to learn that with credit and technology they will produce more, eat better, have surplus to sell and will have additional income to improve the lives of their families,’ said Lula da Silva.
Dlamini-Zuma, Lula da Silva and Graziano da Silva agreed on the importance to focus efforts in strengthening the participation of women in agriculture and food systems and to invest in children and youth.
“Women are very much involved in agriculture, therefore our programs should take into account gender and youth participation”, said Dr.
Dlamini-Zuma. “We also agreed to work together on one of the African Union flagship initiative, the Program for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA), to promote infrastructure in the continent. Without infrastructure we can never reach our full potential in development.” She added.
The three leaders discussed the link between conflict hunger; peace and food security. “Food security is the best weapon to promote Peace ,” summarized Graziano da Silva.
Hunger free Africa – shared vision The partnership will be based on the shared vision that a hunger-free Africa is possible and that concerted efforts can achieve tangible improvements in food security and nutrition reverting the rise in hunger that has elevated the number of undernourished people in the continent from 175 million in the early 90s to 239 million today.
Although many challenges remain on the African Continent, Dlamini - Zuma, Lula da Silva and Graziano da Silva noted that there are many positive examples from the continent, where countries have made significant progress in food security and nutrition. Their success as well as other positive examples, such as the Brazilian one can be used to learn and build on what works.
Among the areas to focus action, the leaders agreed on the need to scale up and build on existing successful initiatives and to promote knowledge sharing between countries. They also stressed that high level dialogue needs to be facilitated to reinforce the political commitment in the fight against hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition.
The meeting also highlighted that much remains to be done in terms of coordination, allocation and deployment of financial and human resources and strengthening regional and national institutional capacities. It is in this context that the proposed partnership seeks to add value to existing efforts through concrete actions to enhance overall food and nutrition security in Africa.
Learning and Building on What Works
The renewed partnership is intended to identify all political, economic, social and human factors that lead to sustainable improvements in inclusive growth, food security and nutritional outcomes. It will provide added-value to ongoing initiatives and programmes by harnessing sustained political commitment and creating the required momentum for a wider engagement of other agencies, either national and international, involving private sector, strengthening the role of civil society, peer learning from successful country experiences and capitalizing on new forms of innovative partnership and solidarity.