27 November 2012

Sudan Urges U.S. Support to Convince Juba to Implement Security Deal

Photo: Pete Souza
President Barack Obama talks with Ambassador Princeton N. Lyman, the U.S. Special Envoy for Sudan, during the Presidential Daily Briefing in the Oval Office, June 16, 2011.

Khartoum — Sudan reiterated its demand to implement the security arrangements included in the Cooperation Agreement signed with the South Sudan, and expressed hope that United States can help to improve ties with Juba.

Sudanese presidential assistant, Nafie Ali Nafie, met Tuesday with the visiting U.S. President Special envoy to Sudan and South Sudan, Princeton Lyman, to discuss the implementation of the Cooperation Agreement signed on 27 September by the presidents of the two countries in Addis Ababa.

South Sudan President, Salva Kiir, said Monday it was impossible for his country to disarm the fighters of Sudan People's Liberation Movement -North (SPLM-N) as Khartoum requests and added that oil would not be exported soon.

During the meeting, Nafie pointed out that his government demands the implementation of the security arrangement as a prerequisite to enforce of the remaining protocols of signed deal. He further said Khartoum is willing to develop its relations with Washington.

The Sudanese presidential assistant expressed hope that the improvement of bilateral relations with Washington would be a key to settle the pending issues with Juba and the ongoing conflict in the Blue Nile and South Kordofan states with the SPLMN rebels.

Nafie in August of this year declined a call that Lyman made to engage talks over bilateral relations and demanded to wait for the after presidential election in Washington.

The head of U.S. office at the Sudanese foreign ministry, Mohamed Abdallah Al-Tom told the official news agency (SUNA) that the meeting tackled the bilateral ties and relations with South Sudan stressing that Lyman was briefed on Khartoum position over the differences with Juba.

Badr Eddin Mohamed Ibrahim; spokesperson of the ruling National Congress Party (NCP) blamed President Salva Kiir for refusing to implement the security deal, stressing that the implementation of the security agreement should be before the oil exportation.

"That is the basic rule approved by the African Union Peace and Security Council," he added.

Ibrahim called on the international community to put pressures on Juba, saying the African mediation bears the responsibility of security deal implementation.

South Sudanese defence minister, John Kong Nyuon, earlier this month said Khartoum demanded to deploy joint troops on the border with Blue Nile and South Kordofan states.

Khartoum says Juba government continues to support the armed groups and particularly the SPLM-North rebels who were part of the ruling party in the newly independent nation. But South Sudanese officials deny these accusations.

NCP spokesperson said AU observers have admitted in official notes that Sudan is committed to implement the 27 September deals, stressing that they cannot allow oil exportation to "enable Juba to support the rebel groups".

On the other hand, Sudanese defence minister Abdel Rahim Hussein announced that the joint security committee between the two countries will meet on 5 and 6 December, adding the technical teams will meet on 3 and 4 December.

He expressed hopes that the outcome of the upcoming meetings will allow to proceed with the implementation of the security arrangements.

Lyman also met on Tuesday with the Sudanese state minister Amin Hassan Omer, head of Darfur peace follow-up office, to discuss the implementation of the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur (DDPD).

The Sudanese official said the meeting dealt with the humanitarian situation and ways to facilitate access of aid workers to improve the humanitarian situation in Darfur as well as the ongoing preparations for the donors conference.

He said the parties also discussed the need to hold a conference on the return of IDPs and refugees before the donor meeting in order to allow them to attend the international conference in Doha.

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