A three day sensitisation workshop on climate change, organised for climate change awareness clubs in the two senior high schools and a college of education in the Aowin andSuaman districts in the region, has come to an end.
The workshop was aimed at training and educating the students, especially the club members, to go out and educate the general public about the causes of climate change and its effects.
The desk officer for climate change and budget analyst for both the Aowin and Suaman districts, Mr. E.T. Atsu, who gave a lecture on the concept of climate change, said global warming or climate change is about measurably increases in the average temperature of the earth's atmosphere, oceans and landmasses.
The earth was currently facing a period of warming brought on by rising levels of heat trapping gasses in the atmosphere. The industrial revolution and human activities have added more gases into the atmosphere.
He said global climate changes were due to factors like massive volcanic eruptions, which increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, and changes the intensity of energy emitted by the sun, and variations in earth's position relative to the sun.
These numerous changes take place around the world, including melting mountains, glaciers and polar ice rising sea levels, more intense and longer droughts, more intense storms, more frequent heat waves, and changes in the cycles of many plants and animals.
Mr. Atsu said global warming, in the future, would melt polar ice and glaciers, as well as warm the oceans, expand ocean volume, and raise the sea level, which would eventually flood some coastal regions and even entire islands.
Patterns in rainfall are expected to change temperature, and precipitation patterns may damage food crops, disrupting food production in some parts of the world. Plants and animals species would shift their ranges towards the poles, or to higher elevations, seeking cooler temperatures, and species that cannot do so may become extinct, he added.
He further said responding to the challenge of controlling global warming would require fundamental changes in energy production, transportation, industry, government policies, and development around the world.
The change, today, is managing the impacts that cannot be avoided, while taking steps to prevent more severe impacts in future, and reducing emissions of greenhouse gasses.