5 December 2012

Africa Demands Implementation of Climate Change Pledges At Doha

Prime Minister Hailemariam told the Doha Climate Change Summit that Africa demanded full implementation of previous pledges on climate change.

Speaking on behalf of Africa at the COP18-CMP8 meeting, the Prime Minister said "We are not expecting new decisions from Doha. We are going to push especially for the powerful countries to implement previous decisions." The Prime Minister pointed out that that the climate financing fund had been established but it simply hadn't enough funds.

So, he added, it was necessary for the developed countries to carry out the pledges that they made before at Durban and elsewhere and find ways to let Africa benefit properly. The conference of parties (COP17) meeting in Durban last year decided to establish a Green Climate Fund to provide finance to developing nations, and a central element in the Doha talks is focusing on finding the promised financing of $100 billion a year by 2020. The Prime Minister also referred to the issue of the Kyoto Protocol and emphasized that importance of the Protocol's extension. The second commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol is expected to begin on January 1st and end either December 31st 2017 or December 31st 2020.

In his speech to the Conference on Tuesday, launching the high-level segment of the meeting, UN Secretary-General Ban ki-Moon itemized five areas he hoped for agreement on before the Conference ends on Friday: the Kyoto Protocol's extension, progress on long-term climate finance, support for developing countries, Durban Platform's smooth negotiations and willingness for enhanced mitigation. He noted that fast-start finance would expire soon and developed countries must give "clear indications that scaled-up climate financing will flow after 2012."

With regard to support for developing countries, the UN Secretary-General said financing and technological transfer were urgently needed for effective mitigation and adaptation. He pointed to the huge gap between mitigation pledges and what was required to limit global warming to two degrees centigrade. He also expressed his hope that negotiations on the Durban Platform were on track to develop a legal climate instrument applicable to all by 2015 with respect to post-2020 climate actions.

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