TANZANIA remains the second least corrupt country in East Africa, according to this year's global Corruption Perception Index (CPI) released.
It is second behind Rwanda in the region. However, globally, Tanzania has dropped two places from 100th last year to 102nd this year. It ranks Tanzania 102nd after scoring 35 points with Rwanda taking 50th place with a score of 53.
Uganda are ranked 130, Kenya (139) and Burundi (165). Commenting on the report, a University of Dar es salaam don, Dr Benson Bana said it was good news that Tanzania had not slid back in the East African region ranking but noted that there was no need for complacency on the systems fighting the vice especially since the country had slid back on global ranking albeit insignificantly.
"The fact that the regional ranking has not dropped in ranking shows there are efforts going on to fight the vice, but much more has to be done because it is one of the biggest social problems highlighted in much of the local conversations," he said.
The CPI ranking index by Transparency International is based on 13 independent surveys indicating the perceived level of public sector corruption in each of the over 180 countries surveyed worldwide. At the opposite ends of the rankings are three top countries tying including Denmark, Finland and New Zealand and war-torn Somalia.
A country's score indicates the perceived level of public sector corruption there on a scale of 0 to 10, where 0 is perceived as highly corrupt and 10 as very clean. A country's rank indicates its position relative to others included in the index. Tanzania and Rwanda were at par in 2008 with both being ranked 102nd after scoring 3.0.
But Tanzania dropped to 126th in the following year after scoring 2.6. Rwanda maintained its upward trend in 2009, jumping to 89th with a score of 3.3 before it was placed 66th in last year's survey. Botswana is the best African country at position number 30, scoring 65 points. It ties with Spain at the same position.
Cape Verde comes at 39, Mauritius comes in number 43, Rwanda ranks 50, Seychelles comes at number 51 and Namibia comes at number 58. Ghana comes 64th, Lesotho (64), South Africa (69), Senegal ranks 94th Djibouti ranks 94 and Benin ranks 94.
Other rankings are Swaziland at 94, Malawi at 88, Burkina Faso at 83, Tunisia 75, Liberia 75, Gabon at 104,Uganda 130, Kenya ranks 139, Burundi 165, Gambia 105, Mali 105, Algeria 105, Sudan 173, Somalia comes last 174 .
The report says the levels of bribery, abuse of power and secret dealings are still very high in many countries. Transparency International announced yesterday in a statement related to release of its Corruption Perceptions Index 2012.