5 December 2012

Tanzania: Nation Seeks to Reform National Development Plan

Dar es Salaam — Tanzania has finalized a process to gather views on how to shape the next five years' national development plan.

A statement from the Environment for Development (EfD) of the University of Dar es Salaam availed to East African Business Week said as you might be aware, there is an ongoing global discussion on what agenda should be after the Millennium Development Goals (MGDs) 2015.

The United Nations has selected a sample of countries including Tanzania to conduct intensive consultations for development agenda after 2015, the EfD's report signed by the Acting Executive Secretary in the President's Office, Planning Commission, Mr. Florence Mwanri said.

"In this connection, we have also decided to use consultative process to garner views on how to shape next five years' national development plan," Mwanri said.

To this end, he said, the President's Office, Planning Commission has engaged the University of Dar es Salaam, department of economics to organize some of these consultative activities.

In order to facilitate the process, EfD which its overall objective is to support poverty alleviation and sustainable development through the increased use of environmental economics in the policy making process organized the 'Post 2015 Development Agenda Consultative workshop' for members from the private sector and its related umbrella organizations.

Early this year, President Jakaya Kikwete launched a five-year development plan (2011/12 to 2015/16) that is aimed at boosting the economy to grow from 8% to 10% annually.

Economists say that the growth currently stands at 7%. This latest development plan expects to raise the per capita income of Tanzanians from the current $350 to $650 by 2016.

Kikwete said the development plan is projected to cost $42.5trin under a public-private partnership.

However, he said the development plan would be successfully implemented if good governance is promoted to the full by consolidating democracy, the rule of law and human rights and cutting bureaucracy in government that hinders investments.

Under the development plan, President Kikwete said priority areas will be generation of adequate electricity and water supply, among other social services; boosting agriculture and agro-processing; infrastructure improvement such as railways, roads network, ports, aviation and marine transportation; tourism and ICT.

"This is an important milestone for Tanzania that a formal Five Year Development Plan (FYDP) is being unveiled. Spanning from 2011/12 to 2015/16, the Plan is the formal implementation tool of the country's development agenda, articulated in the Tanzania Development Vision 2025," Kikwete said.

"The preparation of the FYDP has taken into account overall national development goals and policy objectives; sectoral initiatives, the National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty, MKUKUTA II, the key benchmarks of Long Term Perspective Plan (2011/12-2025/26), as well as findings of the Review of Vision 2025," he said.

A prime aspect of the Plan is the recognition of fast-tracking realization of Development Vision 2025 goals.

The Plan is underpinned by specific strategies to fast-track realization of the Vision 2025 goals and objectives.

The FYDP implementation approach has been organized in such a manner that the government will take the lead in mobilizing the resources, setting strategic interventions and specifying the activities to be undertaken; while development partners, private sector and other non-state actors will select the earmarked priority activities and thus invest strategically.

Tanzania also benefits from its natural resource endowments such as industrial minerals, fertile land, tourist attraction sites, coal, hydro potentials, natural gas, geothermal, solar and wind.

Deliberate and sustained efforts are needed to exploit these resources, which are potentially capable of driving the country's economic growth to the desired levels.

The targeted average GDP growth rate for the FYDP period is 8% per annum (equivalent to 5% per capita growth target), building up from 7% for 2010 and thereafter sustaining growth rates between 8 and 10% until 2025.

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