Luanda — The approval by the Cabinet Council of the legislation on Regulation of Waste Management, Strategic Plan for Management of Urban Wastes (PESGRU) and creation of the Centre for Tropical Ecology and Climate Change are, among others, decisions made by the Government to make the role of the Ministry of Environment of Angola stronger.
The documents adopted at a meeting of the Cabinet Council, chaired by the president of the Republic, José Eduardo dos Santos, in Luanda, are files and political guidelines of the Executive in the field of Environment.
Legislation related to waste management in the country already in force, are to establish lines of action to be reconciled to solving environmental and public health problems inherent to economic growth and development of the country.
Considered very important tools, the implementation of these legal instruments applied to individuals and companies, public and private companies that deal in activities which produce waste, are leading to good order in the waste management in the country, for a healthier environment and welfare of the population.
This year, 2012, was likewise marked by the inauguration of the Centre for Tropical Ecology and Climate Change (CETAC) in central Huambo province, which allowed the creation of 42 new jobs.
The Centre for Tropical Ecology and Climate Change aims to develop applied research, to ensure environmental quality and better water management, and studies of environmental quality in aquatic ecosystems.
Among other measures implemented this year, stress goes to the signing of the memorandum of understanding for the training of personnel, between the Ministry of Environment and the "Universidade Boliviana da Venezuela".
The agreement signed by the incumbent minister, Fátima Jardim and the chancellor of the above mentioned university, Pudêncio Chacon, will enable Angolans get their undergraduate and master's degrees in environmental areas.
Angola's participation in the UN Summit on Sustainable Development, Rio +20, was another milestone this year, as the country had good references worldwide regarding the generation of carbon credits.
Until this date, Angola is the African nation with more projects in the areas of renewable energy by 2020, with a potential to reach at least 600 million credits to 21 years life cycles for most carbon projects currently underway.
The 2nd edition of the International Fair on Environment and Environmental Technologies was another deed of this sector which brought together more than 100 domestic and foreign companies.
With this event held annually in partnership with the Luanda International Fair (FIL), the Ministry of Environment has been increasing awareness of companies to excel through the use of "environmentally friendly" technology in order to contribute to the mitigation of the effects of climate change and global warming.
Such effects have been a reality in Angola. Example of these changes was the drought recorded from October 2011 to April 2012, a situation that was linked to climate change, according to INAMET experts.
For 2013, the Ministry of Environment, based on its legislation, will give continuity to the programmes and projects related to the restructuring of administrations of the National Parks of Angola, such as those of Kissama (Bengo), Cangandala (Malanje) and now the Iona (Namibe).
With the restructuring of others, the sector, in cooperation with various institutions, both private and public, want to promote eco-tourism in Angola, where they have booked about 12,6 percent of conservation areas around the national territory.
Enhanced surveillance in the areas of conservation, such as the National Parks of Maiombe (Cabinda), Cangadala (Malanje) and Mupa (Cunene), where poaching is a threat to the species, is among other actions that the authorities intend to meet in 2013, coupled with public awareness in protecting biodiversity and forests.
The Angolan Government signatory of six international conventions, including its protocols in the field of environment, gradually seeks to make a contribution to a healthy environment for the population, and cooperate in protecting the planet and its species.