-* Up to 8,000 people were reportedly newly displaced in Northern Bahr el Ghazal State in the past month, due to cross-border tensions between South Sudan and Sudan
-* Humanitarian assistance was underway in Western Bahr el Ghazal State, to people in Wau town affected by an outbreak of protests and violence in mid-December
-* A reported increase in aerial bombardments in Sudan's South Kordofan resulted in an increase of studentsarriving to Yida refugee camp in Unity State.
Aid organizations concentrated largely on responding to communities affected by insecurity in several hotspots across South Sudan. Up to 8,000 people were reportedly uprooted from their homes in the past month because of cross-border tensions between South Sudan and Sudan, affecting Northern Bahr el Ghazal State.
In neighbouring Western Bahr el Ghazal State, relief agencies were focused on providing humanitarian assistance to people affected by inter-communal violence in mid-December. In Warrap State, cattle-rustling violence killed 16 people in Tonj East and North counties. On the refugee front, humanitarian organizations continued to provided life-saving assistance to over 170,000 Sudanese refugees seeking safety in camps in Unity and Upper Nile states.
In political developments, the Presidents of South Sudan and Sudan agreed to implement September cooperation agreements on oil, border demarcation and security issues, after two days of talks hosted by the African Union (AU) in Ethiopia's capital on 5 January.
The talks were the first since the two heads of state signed agreements in September on outstanding Comprehensive Peace Agreement issues, which have not yet been put into effect. Both sides have agreed to abide by AU timelines due to be announced by 13 January.