19 January 2013

Tanzania: In Focus


Members of staff at Oikos plan to partner with staff from Energy Without Frontiers to enable members of rural communities in Arusha to access electricity from the sun.

In addition, members of staff at Oikos have worked with Lost Frontiers Foundation in the past to enable members of rural communities in Arusha to access safe water to drink. The word frontier means national border. It follows that the terms "without frontiers" and "lost frontiers" remind of Globalization and its consequences. The three organizations are non-state actors.

People generally view globalization as a process of historical transformation or international integration of nations. The end result is an interdependent or interconnected world in the form of a global community or the so called global village. Particularly communities in developing countries worry of how to relate to the imagined global village. It is absolutely important for countries to be able to relate to the global village positively. But it is complicated. It is simpler to imagine forms of globalization. That is true partly because studies show that globalization is not a new phenomenon. It is a process of transformation which started hundreds of years ago.

Globalization can be categorized in the form of education, business, culture, sports, communication, politics, and ecology.

For instance, secondary education in Tanzania is becoming global since an increasing number of secondary school students in the country sit for Cambridge rather than National Examinations. UK administers Cambridge Examinations.

In addition, there is Braeburn School in Arusha which provides private education based on the National Curriculum of England and Wales. Braeburn originates from Kenya.

Higher learning is becoming global in Tanzania as well. The Agakhan University (AKU) is in Dar es Salaam. Preparations are underway to establish another Agakhan University in Arusha. The university has 11 teaching sites spread over eight countries - Afghanistan, Kenya, Pakistan, Tanzania, Uganda, Syria, Egypt and the United Kingdom. AKU originates from Pakistan.

Meanwhile, there is also a Kenyatta University Campus in Arusha and a University of Kampala Campus in Dar es Salaam. Kenyatta University originates from Kenya and University of Kampala is from Uganda.

Much has been said about globalization in the form of multi-national or transnational companies that operate beyond national borders. Now, e-business and e-commerce transactions through the internet are common. The transactions are made beyond national borders. Reports inform that selling through websites is the fastest growing method of trading worldwide.

Tanzanians have been struggling to resist transformation of their cultures in the form of music and language as a result of foreign influence or globalization. Many Tanzanians watch foreign football tournaments like the Premiere League in UK and Ra Liga in Spain rather than watching local football for entertainment. Followers know English and Spanish football players by name. It is globalization at its best.

Communication has undoubtedly globalized countries substantially. You find those who love comedies watching programmes on Tanzanian Television channels. But there are many Tanzanians who watch foreign movies and programmes that they access through foreign channels.

Communication also globalizes politics. For example, television played a major role to catalyze the sweeping political changes that took place in the Middle East and North Africa recently. In turn, the events through the television have influenced governments in Kuwait, Lebanon and Oman to implement changes in response to protests.

The industrialized countries have globalized ecological settings of countries. They have changed the world climate negatively by emitting green house gases into the atmosphere. Such are but a few forms of globalization.

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