Oral health has long been linked with other health problems, but experts find this link more prominent among women.
Gum disease is a bacterial infection of the gums which can enter the blood stream and cause other problems in the body.
It can be a risk factor for developing diabetes, heart disease, stroke and respiratory problems.
According to a 2000 report by the American Academy of Periodontology, "Pregnant women who have gum disease may be more likely to have a baby born too early or too small. Gum disease may also trigger increased levels of biological fluids that induce labour."
It was also noted that the usual hormonal changes in females during puberty, menstruation, contraceptive use, pregnancy and menopause amplify the way the gums react to plaque - that build-up of residue and bacteria on the surface of the teeth over time.
Gum disease can exist unattended to because it can be a painless condition that many women may ignore. Brushing and flossing daily mitigates gum disease and all the possible negative effects it could cause eventually.