21 January 2013

Africa: Fragility of Institutions Behind Conflicts in Africa

Luanda — The Angolan ambassador to Ethiopia and the African Union (AU), Arcanjo do Nascimento, said the fragility of internal institutions in some African States is responsible for many conflicts in the continent.

The ambassador said that in addition to the fragility there is also a great polarisation of the society and external interference in the affairs of the countries.

According to Arcanjo Nascimento, the conflicts occurring in the continent have various causes and are a concern for Angola, the continent and the African Union.

He explained that this Angolan concern is not individual but also involves the main organ tasked with the promotion of peace and security in the continent, that is the Peace and Security Council of which Angola is a member.

Arcanjo do Nascimento said that "if we observe the nature of these conflicts, we find common and distinct elements."

"For example, the conflict that is taking place in Somalia is much different from that taking place in Mali and the latter also differs from that in DR Congo," he stressed.

So, he added, there is no single pattern in the cause of the conflicts in Africa as there are common and distinct elements involved.

For this reason, the diplomat said, the organisation has been seeking a solution to each of these conflicts, taking into account their particularities.

Meanwhile, Angola, alike the other members of the African Union, has been insisting in African solutions to African problems.

"We already have some cases of success in terms of conflict resolution through African solutions, naturally with international partnership," he stressed.

The ambassador mentioned that a process of success being undertaken and led by continental institutions, like the AU, is that of Somali, through the AMISON.

In the other conflicts, besides the AU role, there has been a great intervention of regional oranisations, which is the case occurring in West Africa like Guinea Bissau and Mali.

In these cases, he explained, the regional organisations like the ECOWAS, that has been having a great influence and taking the lead in the effort for their resolution, within the principle of subsidiarity.

This principle, he added, consists in assigning primary responsibility of the resolution of the problems that affect peace and security in certain region to the sub-regional organisation of which the country is a member, without excluding the partners, particularly the AU:

To the diplomat, the essential element in these cases is to attack the causes of these conflicts whose primary responsibility goes to the political actors of the these countries, despite a decisive role of the continental organisation.

However, he defended that in comparison with the past "we can consider that there is certain reduction in conflicts, despite re-surge of some conflicts, many of which were asleep and other have just shifted in intensity, like that of DRCongo.

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