The Analyst (Monrovia)

Liberia: Cellcom Introduces Fiber Cable

The Management of Cellcom GSM Company Friday introduced a new internet technology known as the fiber cable.

The new technological, according to Cellcom's chief communication strategist, Dr. Kemmie Weeks, is  an addition to the already high speed 4G internet  technology which has been used by thousands of its subscribers barely a year ago.

Fiber Optic Cable technology was introduced in the late 1800's by John Tyndall who demonstrated that light used internal reflection to follow a specific path by using a jet of water that flowed from one container to another and a beam of light.

As water poured out through the spout of the first container, Tyndall directed a beam of sunlight at the path of the water. The light followed a zigzag path inside the curved path of the water. This experiment marked the first research into the guided transmission of light.

Fiber optic technology progressed through in the second half of the twentieth century. In the 1950's the development of the fiberscope, an image-transmitting device, which used the first practical all-glass fiber, was concurrently devised by Brian O'Brien at the American Optical Company and     Narinder Kapany (who 1st coined the term "fiber optics" in 1956).

In 1966, Charles Kao and Charles Hockham, published a landmark paper proposing that optical fiber might be a suitable transmission medium. However, due to impurities in glass development, distance of travel was an issue. Intrigued by this theory, glass researchers began to work by the problem of purifying glass.

Commercial applications soon followed. In 1977, both AT&T and GTE installed fiber optic telephone systems in Chicago and Boston respectively. These successful applications led to the increase of fiber optic telephone networks. By the early 1980's, single-mode fiber operating in the 1310 nm and later the 1550 nm wavelength windows became the standard fiber installed for these networks.

Initially, computers, information networks, and data communications were slower to embrace fiber, but today they too find use for a transmission system that has lighter weight cable, resists lightning strikes, and carries more information faster and over longer distances, and no wonder why Cellcom SGM Company has joined millions across the Business World in using this technology.

"Today, as you may know Cellcom is launching Fiber Cable for commercial use in Liberia, and, Cellcom is proud to be a part of this" Dr. Weeks announced.

"This means a lot for Liberia and the Liberian people" he said, adding, "Cellcom users on our 4G network can expect to experience double speeds of what they have right now."

According to Mr. Weeks, speed acquired from the 4G Network came from powerful but very expensive satellites deployed in space.  Despite the deployment of these satellites, the company admitted limitations in terms of pricing and capacity.

In order to improve the situation, the company said its latest fiber cable technology, according to Dr. Weeks, would double the initial 21 megabits per second provided by the 4G internet connectivity to 42 megabits per second which will form part of the fiber cable internet package for thousands of customers.

Dr. Weeks also revealed that the fiber cable would bring millions of dollars to the country's economy and will serve as a new government's revenue generation source that will attend to its development needs.

"Over the years, that network has been tested, tried and proven to be a very, very guaranteed service that will continue to see our speed improving" Cellcom's communication strategist told journalists at the press conference Friday.

"This means a lot for Liberia and the Liberian people. Cellcom users on our 4G network can expect to experience double speeds of what they have right now" he added, explaining further, "Imagine that the 4G as a voice was already extremely fast. And, now, we're going to be doubling that speed about a hundred times faster than any other mobile networks currently in existence. We expect double speeds from 21 megabits per second to 42 megabits per second. That's a jump and a huge improvement.

"There're many things that this technology is able to help with. Students will now have the chance to do more research. This is an opportunity for students who're interested in doing online courses and distance learning courses are able to do that because they're now able to do live video conferencing abroad, and they're now able to look at lectures that are happening at webcams" Kemmie Weeks said.

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