South Sudan: Statements On the Summit and PSC Meeting

Addis Ababa — The Summit between President Kiir and President El-Bashir held on 25th January 2013 at the AU Premises in Addis Ababa under the auspices of the AU/HIP discussed four main agendas of the outstanding issues between South Sudan and Sudan.

These were oil production, formation of Abyei Administration and Council, border demarcation, claimed and disputed areas and the issues of Sudabet Oil Company.

According to the chief negotiator of South Sudan Government Mr. Pagan Amum Okec, President Kiir during the summit presented a clear position of the RSS on the above-mentioned four issues, that South Sudan is ready to start oil production through Sudan. On Abyei issues, he said Abyei administration and council should be formed according to the agreement of 60% and 40%, Abyei Council to be chaired by Sudan and deputized by South Sudan, and Abyei Administration should be chaired by South Sudan and deputized by Sudan.

On border issues Mr Amum said all the disputed and claimed areas issues will be handed over to AU experts who will then propose a solution to the two sides. He explained that if the two sides disagreed again, the issues should be taken to the permanent court of arbitration. He also said that South Sudan has endorsed the AU/HIP proposal on final status of Abyei.

Mr. Amum said President El-Bashir in the summit presented new conditions to the summit making it difficult for progress in the discussions. He said the new conditions are:

Oil production through Sudan will not take place unless the two sides agree to form Abyei Administration with percentage of 50% from either side;

RSS must withdraw its forces from Northern Bahr El-Ghazal and Western Bahr-El-Ghazal;

South Sudan must disengage with SPLM/A North.

On the outcome of the meeting of the Peace and Security Council summit held on 25/1/2013 in Addis Ababa under the chairmanship of President Mwai Kibaki of Kenya, Mr Amumn said H.E Kiir assured the PSC meeting that for the two states to enjoy peace all the agreements signed must be implemented, PSC should endorse the AU/HIP proposal on final status of Abyei and all the claimed and disputed areas should be handed over to experts from the African Union.

The PSC meeting came out with resolutions urging the two parties to implement all the agreements they signed. The two sides are given three more months and AU/HIP is requested to render a report to the PSC on the issues between the two sides after the three months.

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