Angolans Celebrate 52 Years of Beginning of Armed Struggle

Luanda — The Angolans are celebrating today, Monday, February 4th, the 52nd anniversary of the Beginning of the Armed Struggle for National Liberation, a date that is an indelible mark in the history of resistance to Portuguese colonial-fascist regime, to the achievement of national independence.

At dawn on February 4, 1961, a group of men and women, armed with sticks, machetes and other weapons, attacked the house of confinement and jail of São Paulo, in Luanda, to free political prisoners threatened with death.

In response to the attack, the colonial-fascist regime responded with a brutal crackdown of action across the country, with killings, torture and arbitrary arrests.

These arrests and killings of defenseless people led some nationalists to organize themselves for the liberation struggle.

The preparations of the action began in 1958 in Luanda, with the creation of two underground groups, one covering the suburbs and other urban area, coordinated by Paiva Domingos da Silva, Imperial Santana, Virgil Sotomayor and Nevis Bendinha (all of them deceased).

The action was also part of the concerns of the population and the need to pass the forms of struggle which match the stiffness of the colonial administration. To do so, thanks to collaboration of canon Manuel das Neves and other fighters.

The February 4, 1961 is considered a milestone in African struggle against colonialism, in a tradition of resistance against the occupation coming from the peoples of Kassanje, Ndongo and the Central Plateau .

The first important reports of resistance to colonial occupation date from the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries (1559-1600 and 1625-1656), led by Ngola Kiluanje and Njinga Mbandi.

The events of February 1961 resulted in just a sublime expression of nationalism, demonstrated by Angolans.

Cunene province hosts the main event of the 52nd anniversary of February 4 with various activities under the motto "Let us honor our heroes serving the nation with loyalty."

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