5 February 2013

Angola: Minister At 96th Anniversary of King Mandume Death

Ondjiva — The Angolan minister of Culture, Rosa Cruz e Silva, is since Tuesday evening in Ondjiva for a 24 hours work visit to the southern province of Cunene, to witness the celebrations of the 96th anniversary of the death of king Mandume-Ya-Ndemufayo, on February 6.

During her stay in Cunene, Rosa Cruz e Silva will chair the international seminar on "Resistance to southern Angola occupation: the Cunene case" that will take place in the Oihole tourist complex, where the remains of king Mandume-ya-Ndemufayo are buried.

The seminar that is part of the project of dissemination and valorisation of Angolan historical figures, is intended to highlight the history of the region, retrieve and rebuild the memory and identity as a process of construction of the national history.

The people of the Ambo tribe, based in southern Angola and northern Namibia, celebrate on February 6 the 96th anniversary of the death of king Mandume-ya-Ndemufayo, an outstanding leader in the resistance against colonial occupation in southern Angola. He preferred death to domination.

A member of the most powerful kingdoms of the Ambo tribe, king Mandume -ya-Ndemufayo commanded the destinies of the Kwanhama people in one of the most difficult periods of the history of the southern region of the country, from 1911 to 1917.

His determination hindered the project of deployment of the colonial administration, imposing tough defeats to attempts of occupation of his territory, which led the Europeans to join together against his kingdom.

During the reign of Mandume, guerrilla wars among Africans came to an end and eventually turned against the Portuguese who, at all costs, tried to occupy the southern part of Angola.

Before the colonial occupation, the Ambos were divided by Kwanhama kingdoms (most important), Kuamatuis (small and large), the two states of Evale and Dombala Kafima. These states lived together, except for some conflicts because of guerrilla wars in southern Angola.

To enhance the figure of the king, the Angolan Executive had the construction in 2000 in the locality of Oihole, the tourist complex in memory of the King. Its inauguration took place in 2002, during a ceremony chaired by Angolan head of State, José Eduardo dos Santos.

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