Kampala — Uganda and Rwanda are among several other countries included in a baseline survey on limiting the effects of climate change and improving agricultural production in the region.
The survey was recently launched by the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) Secretariat. They are working with experts from Zambia before rolling out to the other countries.
According to a COMESA statement, the initial phase will target 10 member states including Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Rwanda, Sudan, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
"The purpose of this consultation is not meant to see how well or badly a country is doing at the moment; rather to identify what is on the ground, get views from member states and partners on the merits of the programmes that are being implemented, existing gaps or what could be done better," the statement reads in part.
The exercise will involve different experts from the COMESA Secretariat and members states. The focus is on climate smart agriculture in general and conservation agriculture in particular, CAADP processes, sustainable land management and deeper awareness of the United Nations Convention on Climate Change.
The survey will also be the basis for future reference on what has been achieved. It will therefore inform the COMESA Secretariat and partner states on progress made all along the implementation period.
The statement said that a baseline study is a descriptive cross-sectional survey that mostly provides quantitative information on the current status of a particular situation - on whatever study topic - in a given population. Unlike a census that cavers a whole population, a baseline normally covers only a sample of the population or activities.