An environmental group known as The Health of Mother Earth Foundation (HOMEF) has called on the Federal Government to declare a state of emergency on areas devastated by over 50 years of oil spills, such as Ogoni land.
Speaking at the inauguration of HOMEF Sustainability Academy held in Abuja during the week, Director of the foundation, Nnimmo Bassey said environmental damage caused by oil spills as a result of oil exploration in Nigeria's Delta region is so endemic that it requires immediate action if the ecosystems and the lives of Nigerians living in the areas are be secured.
He said HOMEF as a body is an ecological think tank that aims to solidify the struggle for a safe, sane and secure environment in which humans live in dignity and solidarity.
"We have chosen to focus on climate change and the looming food crisis in this maiden edition because Africa is in the line of fire of climate impact," he said.
Former Ambassador of the Plurinational State of Bolivia to the United Nations and lead negotiator of the country on climate change, Pablo Solon Romero said Africa is becoming the most exposed region of the world to climate change.
He said countries that generate more greenhouse gases must show more commitment to solving the problem, and civil society pressure is the key to making this a reality.
According to him, "In Sub-Saharan Africa, extreme weather will cause dry areas to become drier and wet areas wetter; agriculture yields will suffer from crop failures; and diseases will spread to new altitudes."