Nairobi — According to the Document Containing Charges (DCC) released on August 1, 2011, Deputy President William Ruto and journalist Joshua arap Sang planned attacks in the Rift Valley during the 2007-8 post election violence.
It is alleged that Ruto and Sang, as early as 2006 to January 2008, "planned to expel individuals namely members of the Kikuyu, Kamba, and Kisii (later referred to as PNU supporters)."
They are accused of creating a network of perpetrators which by 2008 had conducted "not less than nine preparatory meetings and events" in which they planned attacks on rival Party of National Unity (PNU) supporters.
Ruto and Sang were at the time members and supporters of former Prime Minister Raila Odinga's Orange Democratic Movement (ODM), a rival of former President Mwai Kibaki's PNU.
According to the ICC prosecution, Ruto and Sang were members of the network that had commanders who controlled attacks in specific parts of the Rift Valley.
The commanders were also in charge of logistics including transportation and coordination of the attacks as well as fundraising for the attacks and identification of areas that were attacked.
The commanders also identified callers to call into Sang's show in regards to the planned attacks as well as "to provide guns, grenades and ammunition to the direct perpetrators to permanently drive out PNU supporters."
According to the DCC (2011) the commanders used derogatory terms like madoadoa, kimoriok, and kamama as parables to refer to the targeted groups and take what belonged to them.
Sang allegedly used his show to coordinate attacks using coded language known to the perpetrators.
The network is said to have recruited and established groups of direct perpetrators to carry out attacks around December 30, 2007 to January 2008 in Turbo town, greater Eldoret area in Kiambaa, Yamumbi, Huruma and Kimumu.
Other areas included Kapsabet Town and Nandi Hills.
According to the prosecution, Uasin Gishu and Nandi districts bore the brunt of the attacks.
In Rift Valley, 230 people were killed, 1,000 others were injured and there were displacements of 400,000 others after 52,000 houses were destroyed in the massive attacks.
In Uasin Gishu District, over 200 people were killed, 500 others injured and 7,800 others were displaced.
In Nandi, 7 people died, 500 others were injured and 30,000 others were displaced in the attacks that left 400 houses and businesses burnt into ashes.
The DCC also indicates that between 17 and 35 people who had gone to seek refuge at the Kiambaa Assembly of God Church were burned to death on January 1, 2008.
The prosecution alleged that after presidential results were announced on December 30, Sang during his show at Kass FM incited and coordinated perpetrators to begin the attacks using coded language.
He was further said to have informed the perpetrators where the attacks would be carried out.
He is further accused of receiving updates from the perpetrators and given instructions of the next attacks.
Apart from Kass FM raising funds to sustain the attacks, Ruto is also alleged to have financially supported them.
According to the prosecution, the network had a sort of military structure with commanders reported to Ruto who was the head.
Ruto was also said to have pledged the direct perpetrators immunity from the crimes they had committed.
The prosecution alleges that Sang and Ruto were liable for the 'widespread and systematic attacks' in Rift Valley.
On Tuesday, the two will be at The Hague to begin the three charges of murder, forcible transfer and persecution following the attacks in Rift Valley.