The Herald (Harare)

Zimbabwe: Cop19 Must Deliver Tangible Outcomes

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Of the US$100 billion pledged by developed countries towards quick start finance in the two years to 2012, only US$30 billion was released, leaving developing countries at greater risk.

Mr Zhakata said Zimbabwe also expects financing outcomes that strengthen its research and systematic observation needs to international standards as well as those that promote investments in cleaner energy sources like solar, hydro, wind and geothermal.

"These forms of energy will reduce demand of electricity from the main grid which is anchored by thermal power generation, a key source category for greenhouse gas emissions in the country," he said.

Other areas of concern include funding for capacity building in the Clean Development Mechanism, impact and vulnerability assessments, and quantification and handling of greenhouse gases information.

Zimbabwe is also worried about the uneven regional distribution of the CDM projects and the uncertainty of the market continuity of emissions trading up to 2020.

Africa's share of participation in CDM projects remain disappointingly low. According to UNFCCC statistics in 2012, about 4 200 CDM projects were expected to be registered by year-end with some three billion Certified Emission Reductions (CERs), a unit equal to 1 000kg of carbon dioxide, planned to be issued out.

Of the anticipated global projects last year, China was expected to register 59 percent of CERs, India 12 percent and Nigeria, Africa's biggest participant, 1,2 percent.

The CDM scheme is a carbon-based compensation for projects that result in reduced carbon emissions. The 2012 projects were expected to remove 2,9 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

Africa at COP19:

At Warsaw, Africa expects to articulate a lot of issues. Some of the major ones are listed below:

Call for ambitious mitigation targets during a second commitment period from 2013 to 2017 of at least 30 percent, and further reduction of emissions by at least 40 percent by 2020, at least 80 to 95 percent by 2050, compared to 1990 levels

Implications of adverse effects of climate change for Africa's security and development should be taken seriously,

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