Botswana is at the top of the list of the 10 least corrupt African countries, while Somalia continues to be the most corrupt on the continent, according to the 2013 report from Transparency International (TI) announced on Tuesday (3). Mozambique lost a point (from 31 in 2012 to 30 this year), but moved up in the global ranking to the 119th position (out of a total 177).
In its Corruption Perception Index (CPI), TI indicates Botswana is followed by Cape Verde, the Seychelles, Rwanda, Mauritius, Lesotho, Namibia, Ghana, Sao Tome and Principe and South Africa.
The first five countries, namely Botswana (64), Cape Verde (58), Seychelles (54), Rwanda (53) and Mauritius (52) obtained a score higher than 50 on a scale of 100. Seychelles makes its debut on the 10 least corrupt countries list, replacing Liberia listed in 2012.
Several African countries are on the corrupt list. Namely, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, Libya, Guinea-Bissau, Equatorial Guinea, Chad, Eritrea, Zimbabwe and Burundi all scored very low on the Index. None got a score higher than 21 out of 100. Somalia received a score of 8, Sudan 11, South Sudan 14 and Libya 15.
Nigeria, with one of the largest economies in Africa, is listed with a score of just 25 and ranks in 144th position out of 177 nations. Denmark and New Zealand, both with a score of 91, Finland and Sweden with 89, and Norway with 86 are the five least corrupt countries in the world. The United Kingdom and the United States are positioned at 14th and 19th places, respectively.
In spite of speeches, Mozambique remains very corrupt
Mozambique's score of 30 (alongside countries such as Sierra Leone, Timor Leste and Mauritania) confirms that fighting corruption is only a priority in leaders' speeches. In a statistical analysis on the performance of the Central Office for Combating Corruption (GCCC), prepared by the Center for Public Integrity (CIP), it is noted that, every year since 2005, the number of cases undertaken by the Office increases, which means there should be a greater public capacity for dealing with corruption.
However, in another aspect, because there has been no significant decrease in the number of cases attended to by GCCC, this indicates that the informational capacity level to reduce corruption has not yet been reached. If taking into account that annual lectures of awareness have been held all over the country (mainly in public institutions) in order to reduce the occurrence of corruption in the public sector, the figures also indicate that the actions to prevent corruption carried out by GCCC and legal representatives, are not delivering the projected outcomes.
Altogether, TI estimates that over two-thirds of the 177 countries included in this year's list obtained a score below 50. “The Corruption Percepti= on Index 2013 shows that all the countries are faced with the threat of corruption at all levels of government, from issuing licenses to strengthening local laws and regulations," noted the president of IT, Huguette Labelle.
Translated By Lauren Fox