Congo's ability to implement an efficient DDR programme and thus dismantle the remaining armed groups will decrease if the army loses its newly found efficiency and relative transparency.
The war was won because people were paid and the connection between logistics and military remained tight. Uniforms, arms and ammunition were available where and when they were needed.
Personally I believe that the GoDRC is still in the driving seat of its own itinerary. I don't think the window of opportunity has been lost.
But much will depend on Congo's efforts to make genuine efforts to reform the security sector, democratize its institutions and to establish an efficient and transparent administration.
The international community will have to be very vigilant to make sure that neighbouring countries also respect and apply their own bits of the Framework Agreement.
Kris Berwouts has, over the last 25 years, worked for a number of different Belgian and international NGOs focused on building peace, reconciliation, security and democratic processes.
Until 2012, he was the Director of EurAc, the network of European NGOs working for advocacy on Central Africa. He now works as an independent expert on Central Africa.
Kris' current field research is made possible by a working grant of the Pascal Decroos Fund for Investigative Journalism.