In an effort to determine whether the dam project is environmental friendly, the need for an international panel of experts was suggested. This comprises of two from Ethiopia, Egypt and Sudan. The Ethiopian government facilitated field visits to the panel, in which four high profiled international experts are also included, from South Africa, Germany, the UK and France.
The panel's results, which were eagerly awaited by all three countries, came in May 2013, after a series of studies. The panel concluded that the dam would not be a source of threat for any nation, citing that it had a flood permeable canal and water leakage system.
The result said that the dam increases hydroelectric supply in the riparian countries and helps to develop irrigation systems, especially in Sudan. Egypt rejected the results.
Alemayehu described Egypt's stance as unsteady.
"The Egyptians try to win the favour of experts and issue ill-motivated statements pertaining to the dam," he said.
The Ethiopian delegation has expressed its position during the negotiations that Egypt's belief that the construction of the Dam poses danger to its national security is misguided and unfounded. It has also indicated to the Egyptians that it will not pause construction or scale down the country's most important development project.
"We will build the dam to end poverty, not to harm Egypt," Alemayehu said.
The government, however, accords priority to cooperation, it was indicated.
"The solution is not to wrestle with each other, but to find innovative and constructive solutions and look to the future," Fite said.
During earlier negotiations in November, Egypt called for international experts to help prepare a new study on the regional impact of the 4.2 billion dollars dam.
Egypt also said it wanted trusted international consultancies to look into how the hydropower project on a tributary of the Nile River will affect the waterway's flow, as well as safety issues. Ethiopia, however, countered that including such a group was unnecessary, after global experts completed a report earlier this year.
Sudan backs the dam and has said that it will bring many blessings and benefits for it, Fite told the Parliamentarians.
The stance of Sudan on the feasibility of the dam and its fertile negotiation on the trans-boundary river is appreciable. It will benefit from the dam, as it benefits from Tekeze Dam, according to Alemayehu.
Ethiopia needs to build on the goodwill it has gained from the Sudanese side, Girma Seifu, the lone opposition member of Parliament, who represents Medrek - a coalition of four parties, which has recently progressed to a front - said.
"As it now stands, it is goodwill and hence nothing is binding," he said. "Thus, Ethiopia needs to further win Sudan to its side."