18 February 2014

Experts in Kinshasa Discuss How to Create and Foster 'National Champions'

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The Intergovernmental Committee of Experts meeting in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) this year is on the topic of National Champions, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and Structural Transformation in Eastern Africa.

"The term 'national champions' refers to large-scale companies which are potentially competitive in national, regional, or international markets and are owned either by the state or predominantly by nationals or citizens from the region"

The Eastern Africa region has enjoyed impressive growth, but has not been able to make a dent in the poverty levels or create enough jobs.

That's why experts from the 14 countries of Eastern Africa are meeting in Kinshasa, to see to what extent their governments can foster national champions to attain sustainable growth and structural transformation of their economies.

"This paradox - growing wealth, but more poor people - is a sure testimony that more needs to be done to make sure that the proceeds of growth are invested well for the future development of the region", said Antonio Pedro, Director of United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, Sub-regional Office for Eastern Africa office.

Growth rates in the Eastern Africa region between 2008 and 2013 were on average 6.7 per cent.

The experts in Kinshasa are examining how much can be expected of domestic investors and how knowledge and technological skills can be transferred to local players.

Pedro said that Eastern Africa region has an already impressive list of companies and firms which are competing regionally. Firms like Ethiopian Airlines, Equity Bank in Kenya, Gecamines in DRC and many more have all adopted ambitious plans to increase their international competitiveness. "Nurturing these 'national champions' is no easy matter! It requires some long-term strategic choices, embedded in comprehensive industrial policy and local content programmes" said Pedro.

He added that the first choice is the need to decide whether it will be possible, within a reasonable timeframe, to build up national capacities in a particular sector, or whether depending on the technological, financial and proprietary advantages of multinational corporations is a more realistic strategy.

While opening the meeting, Hon. Célestin Vunabandi Kanyamihigo, Minister of Planning and monitoring of DRC recalled that massive industrialization is beneficial for the continent to boost employment creation.

He therefore urged governments in the region to support national and regional champions with emphasis on those investing in industrialization and manufacturing.

The Intergovernmental Committee of Experts (ICE), an organ of the UN Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), meets every year to discuss the challenges facing the 14 Member states of the Eastern Africa.

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