THE government plans to allocate special grazing areas for pastoralists in order to address the now frequent conflicts on water with farmers.
The Deputy Minister for Livestock and Fisheries Development, Mr Saning'o Telele, told journalists in Dar es Salaam on Tuesday that the countrywide programme would provide pastoralists with patches of land with water and pasture for their livestock.
"The government is determined to end the frequent conflicts between farmers and pastoralists," said the deputy minister during a workshop on Water Point Mapping as a Tool for Advancement of Environmental Resources in Africa.
In his remarks, the Minister for Water, Prof. Jumanne Maghembe, who was the guest of honour at the workshop, said that water plays a key role in Tanzania's Development Vision which aims at alleviation of abject poverty by the year 2025.
"Its targets include the attainment of higher quality life that is socially desirable, economically viable and environmentally sustainable," said the minister in a speech read on his behalf by the Permanent Secretary in the ministry, Eng. Bashir Mrindoko.
He noted further that water plays a pivotal role in poverty alleviation through the enhancement of food security, domestic hygiene and improvement of the environment and that the availability of safe and clean water raises standards of living.
"The inadequacy of it poses serious health risks and leads to the decline in the living standards and life expectancy," said the minister. Prof. Maghembe pointed out that the increasing population growth and urbanization pose serious pressure on the quantity and quality of available water and the sustainability of the present and future human life and environment depends mainly on proper water resources management and development plans.
The Water Development and Management Institute Principal, Dr Shija Kazumba, said that the workshop could provide the guidelines for a collective approach tool for advancement of a critical approach to management of environmental resources for efficient water use and water conservation.
The workshop was attended by participants from six countries. These came from South Africa, Botswana, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Ethiopia and the host Tanzania.