The Reporter (Addis Ababa)

22 March 2014

Ethiopia: Working to Ensure Food Security

Ethiopian scientist Segenet Kelemu is working to improve the resistance and productivity of forage grasses, which are used to feed the animals (and so to produce milk and meat).

Born in a rural village and defying strong cultural norms, she managed to have an international career and return to Africa where she shared her much needed knowledge.

The main food source for much of the world's livestock, forage grasses are vitally important to meeting the increasing demand for meat and milk. Dr. Segenet Kelemu has been recognized for her research on how microbes living in symbiosis with these grasses influence their health, their capacity to adapt to environmental stress and their ability to resist disease. By enabling small-scale farmers in tropical and

sub-tropical regions to choose the most productive, most pathogen-resistant forage grasses, her work has both helped them improve their lives and increase supplies of much needed animal proteins. In particular, Dr. Segenet's research on Brachiaria grasses has shown that their capacity to thrive in diverse

environments is related to an endophyte fungus which lives within these plants, protects them and exists in symbiosis with them. Her work has led to solutions for disruptions in food supplies caused by pathogenic organisms and extreme climatic conditions and may help to determine which microbes allow

crops to survive environmental alterations.

From village to global village:

Dr. Segenet grew up in a remote village in Ethiopia. Although she bore the unequal burden carried by rural

African women, she had an uncommon determination to overcome any obstacle to achievement and to help her continent's farmers. Defying strong cultural norms, she became the first woman from her region to attend what was then Ethiopia's only university.

"Don't let anyone tell you that you cannot do it. Science is not reserved for the privileged few or the super smart or the especially crazy!" she says.

She excelled in her chosen field, plant sciences, and after obtaining her PhD in the United States, she went to Cornell University as a post-doctoral fellow. In 1992 she joined the International Center for Tropical Agriculture in Cali, Colombia as Senior Scientist and was eventually appointed Leader of Crop and Agroecosystem Management of the Center.

Leading science in Africa:

Dr. Segenet returned to Africa in 2007 to help establish the Biosciences eastern and central Africa (BecA) Hub laboratories, hosted and managed by the International Livestock Research Institute in Kenya, and is currently Director General of the International Center for Insect Physiology and Ecology. "Africa is in desperate need of world-class institutions and I returned with joy when the opportunity arose to help create one."

She came back to her home continent with far more than expertise. She returned with a passion that she is transmitting to a new generation of scientists working for a better Africa: "Set your goals and pursue them relentlessly. Don't let anyone tell you that you cannot do it. Science is not reserved for the privileged few or the super smart or the especially crazy! If I can do it, so can you!"

Ed.'s Note: The story first appeared on www.discov-her.com.

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