THE National Treasury will this week present a Sh1 trillion budget estimate in the House for the 2014-15 financial year with security and payment of teachers being the largest consumers.
Also to table their estimates, through various House committees, will be the accounting officer of the Parliamentary Service Commission and the Chief Registrar of the Judiciary.
In his presentation, National Treasury Secretary Henry Rotich will concentrate on how Sh799.65 billion will be shared under the national government. The budget estimates were approved by the Cabinet on Sunday ready for tabling in the House latest tomorrow evening.
The largest allocations under the national government will be for the Teachers Service Commission getting Sh160.7 billion. Defence and the National Intelligence Service will be the second with a Sh79 billion allocation. Also to get a huge allocation will be the National Police Service getting Sh 67 billion.
Defence, NIS and NPS will be receiving the increased funding as one of the measures by the Jubilee government to boost security in the country and along the borders. The country has in the past one year experienced major security challenges including numerous terror attacks.
In the budget, Parliament will get Sh25 billion, Judiciary Sh17 billion, presidency Sh4.3 billion while the Attorney General's office and department of justice will get Sh 2.9 billion.
The Director of public Prosecutions will get Sh2.4 billion, other constitutional commissions and independent offices will get Sh11.90 while Sh3.7 billion has been set aside for elections. Sh414 billion will be for meeting public debts and other obligations such as pensions and constitutional salaries. The Sh 799.65 billion is what the national government is retaining for the year 2014/2015 out of the Sh 1.02 trillion budget.
Sh226.66 billion will be going to the counties while another Sh 3.4 billion has been placed under the Equilisation Fund, which goes to marginalised areas. Once laid before the House, the estimates will be committed to departmental committees to deliberate according to their respective mandates.
The committees will prepare reports with recommendations and submit them to the Budget committee. The Budget committee will discusses and review the estimates and recommendations of the various committees.
It will also collect views from the public as well as seek the views of the CS before preparing a report with recommendations to the National Assembly. Unlike the previous system where MPs hardly altered the budget prepared by the central government, Standing Order 235 (7) grants the MPs the powers to reallocate resources.
The MPs as a formality will then consider the Votes of the various ministries and departments with Votes which are earmarked for increase or reduction being prioritised.
Standing Order 240 (16) requires that upon approval of the budget estimates by the National Assembly, the Budget committee introduces into the National Assembly the Appropriations Bill to authorise the withdrawal from the Consolidated Fund of the money needed for the expenditure, and for the appropriation of that money for the purposes mentioned in the Bill.
The entire process including the signing of the Appropriation Bill by the President will be concluded before June 30 ahead of the start of the new financial year on July 1.