Up from 14.7% in April 2014, the year-on-year inflation rate, as measured by the Consumer Price Index (CPI), stood at 14.8% in May 2014, while the monthly change rate for May 2014 was 0.9% against the 1.7% recorded in April 2014.
This means that the change in the general price level increased by 14.8% over the one year period, from May 2013 to May 2014, while the change in the general price level went up by 0.1% between April 2014 and May 2014.
Government Statistician, Dr Philomena Nyarko, who made these known at a news conference in Accra, yesterday, disclosed that the Food and non-alcoholic beverages group recorded an average year-on-year inflation rate of 8.0% which was 1.0 percentage points higher than the 7.0 % recorded in April 2014, while eight sub-groups within the Food and non-alcoholic beverages group recorded inflation rates above the group's average of 8.0%.
Dr Nyarko said the price drivers for the food inflation rate were mineral water, soft drinks, and fruit juices which recorded an inflation rate of 21.9%; coffee, tea and cocoa which recorded a rate of 14.9% and meat and meat products which recorded a rate of 11.8%.
She said the rate for food inflation was also driven by milk, cheese and eggs which recorded an inflation rate of 11.4%; sugar, jam, honey, chocolate and confectionary which recorded a rate of 9.7%; cereals and cereal products which recorded a rate of 9.1%; oil and fats which recorded 8.3% and food products which recorded 8.1%.
The non-food group, Dr Nyarko said, recorded an average year-on-year inflation rate of 20.0% in May 2014 as against the rate of 20.6.% recorded in April 2014, with two sub-groups recording year-on-year inflation rates above the group's average rate.
She said the price drivers for the non-food inflation rate were housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels which recorded the highest rate of 51.0%, with transport following at the rate of 27.0%, while the hotels, cafes and restaurants sub-group recorded the lowest inflation rate of 3.2%.
On regional differentials, Dr Nyarko said, the year-on-year inflation rate ranged from 11.2% in the Upper West region to 16.1% in the Greater Accra region, with five regions--Greater Accra, Eastern, Upper East, Western and central--recording inflation rates above the national average of 14.8%.
She said the Greater Accra region recorded the highest regional year-on-year inflation rate of 16.1% while the Upper West region recorded the lowest inflation rate of 11.2%
The CPI measures the change over time in the general price levels of goods and services that households acquire for the purpose of consumption, with reference to the price level in 2012, the base year, which has an index of 100.
The rate of inflation has two main components, namely food inflation and non-food inflation.
The rate of inflation for May 2014 is, therefore, the percentage change in the CPI over the twelve-month period from May 2013 to May 2014.
Source: ISD (G.D. Zaney)