Maputo — President Armando Guebuza made a governance that only served to foster discrimination, social exclusion, of Renamo and of other political actors of opposition in decision-making processes, which led to the development of social, economic and political inequalities in Mozambique.
The researcher and University lecturer from Queensland University in Australia, Victor Igreja, said this Thursday (28), in Maputo, during the Fourth International Conference of the Institute of Economic and Social Studies (IESE), under the motto "State, Natural Resources and Conflict: Actors and Dynamics", that the head of State disconnected the Mozambicans and increased the levels of dissatisfaction because of the exacerbated radicalism of his governance.
The researcher, who was speaking under the slogan "resources of violence and of war for political negotiations and of the legitimacy in Mozambique", stressed that it was with Guebuza that the State has incorporated the radical values of governance, which was based on immediacy, that is, "taken decision and accomplished decision."
Igreja stressed that this vision of the Mozambican statesman contributed to make bad decisions, because to him the power was based on the larger domain and State control from the central to the local level through the partisan nature of the public sphere.
For the researcher, the re-creation of party cells in the public sector has created an atmosphere of Division because there was installed a dictatorship, which prevents any individual from the opposition to ascend to positions of leadership, which ran for the nomination of Directors to take political loyalty as a criterion and not the technical competence.
According to Igreja, the rebuilding of cells is against the prospect of the State of University, because it does not respect the partisan differences, the unity in diversity, the Government has done everything to weaken the political forces of the opposition, which demonstrates that Guebuza has not contributed for the consolidation of national unity.
Another ideological vision of Guebuza, according to Igreja, relates to the attempt to control of the defense and Security Forces, through the introduction of incoherent and exclusionary reforms that have damaged mainly Renamo, which contributed for the deterioration of peace.
More serious, with a view of Igreja, is that the demobilization of Renamo men engaged in the forces of defense and security has not been done strategically, because whoever held power did not recognize and ignored the existence of political opponents, which increased uncertainty, dissatisfaction and the blatant political intolerance.
*Guebuza lost the ideological debate*
Igreja is adamant in saying that Guebuza ends his tenure with a defeat in the ideological debate and ideas, because he was not able to create space for dialogue. This loss is witnessed when he shows unable to resolve political and social conflicts and begins to arrest his political opponents.
In addition to the use of the law as the only way to resolve political conflicts, a clear demonstration of lack of leadership and ability to mediate social and political dissatisfaction.
"The biggest mistake that Frelimo made over the last 30 years was choosing an arrogant, selfish leader, who denied dialogue with Renamo for peacekeeping, what would infringe the principles of democracy, because no Government can achieve success without constant negotiation with the opposition for the guarantor of unity", considered Igreja.
The inability of the statesman has created suspicion and dissatisfaction of the uncontrolled actions of the Government, which was unable to create laws and procedures to ensure social and political stability and rescue the confidence of the population.
On Igreja's point of view, to President Guebuza the only effective way to solve problems and change bad policies is drawn up by the use of force and violence.
Igreja adds that Mozambique is not free from war because Frelimo can't use political and democratic procedures to achieve consensus and consolidate the peace that is still threatened, because of political intransigence of Guebuza and of the ruling party.