Ethiopia's all rounded scientific, technological and economic development is strongly associated with its level of research conducting capacity, findings and research institutions' aggressive involvement in indigenous social, economic, environmental activities as well as the betterment of citizens' life.
Thwarting the existing socio-economic bottlenecks, bringing advancement in science and technology and creating conducive conditions for research institutions are not only means of averting impediments but they are also crucial coping up mechanisms in a competitive world. They could be used for the sake of exploring unlimited human interest and nature's secret.
Furthermore, to be accurate, to get credence and to be workable everywhere, presenting the research findings along with their research methodology is a prerequisite in the field of research categories. No matter how complex, time consuming, costly, social or natural science research findings will be effectual when they become problem solver of a baffling area. In this era of modernization, although the level, type and topic of research differs, every country conducts researches based on respective development levels with a view to meeting citizens needs, augmenting the return from animals and promoting environment stewardship and boosting product and productivity. They establish research institutions and conduct different socio-economic, scientific among other researches in various settings.
To this effect, the Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR) has effectively discharged its mission for the last 50 years; conducting agricultural researches and releasing various crop and animal forge varieties. It has released numerous crop species from its various echo-system sites. Its contribution towards boosting crop production and productivity and reinforcing agricultural domestic research and its technological breakthroughs have greatly helped in hastening the nation's agricultural development. During its five-decade research engagement, besides improving production and productivity, it has released path breaking technologies, animal forages varieties among other echo-system based research findings.
In deeded, it is tautological to mention agricultural research findings significance to a predominately agrarian country like ours. Particularly, in ensuring food security, ensuring climate change resilient economy, coming up with innovate climate change effect adaptive variety, all in all in securing production and productivity, conducting problem solving researches across the nation's boundary are imperative and timely.
The government is committed to expanding research institutions and bolstering researches to cope up with or tackle the current El-Nino effects and advance Ethiopia's development.
Presently, one of the government's priority areas reside in expanding higher learning institutions. The push is aimed at promoting and intensifying researches on parrying barriers on socio-economic development. Hence, it initiates indigenous research institutions to conduct research on several issues and up hold native diagnosis than adapting in wholesale external research findings. But this does not mean the external once are not important.
By far, the country's research centres and higher learning institutions are expected to probe into challenges affecting the country today to come up with solutions. This is pressing because, the country today is witnessing changes in climate, water shortages and reduction in soil moisture in certain regions. And it requires experts full engagement in trouble-shooting research approaches. Specially, there is a call for focusing on increasing agricultural production and productivity.
Since its inception, EIAR has built a national capacity of carrying out agricultural research, producing and introducing improved technologies, focusing on fostering agricultural growth and development in the country. Over the last five decades, the institute has made efforts to produce and introduce improved technologies. The efforts made have served engines in agricultural productivity and economic development. The release of improved technologies in crops, livestock, land, water and agricultural mechanization has also made ample contribution. However, EIAR's contributions are not enough. It has to push with its exemplary work ahead and make rigorous researches focusing on other societal and environmental issues. Research institutes should be equipped with cutting-edge research tools and skilled professionals on various fields.
Moreover, research achievements, successes and shortcomings should be evaluated and paid tribute to ignite future agricultural research commitment.
In sum, although researches by nature are time consumers, tedious, challenging and costly, they will be most pleasant out comes when they prove fruitful diagnosis for identified research topics. Hence, conducting rigorous researches on both national and international areas of interest on agricultural, health, economy and environmental issues has a profound significance. The world today is highly engaged in conducting researches on several fields of study.