The federal High Court 19th criminal bench has today found 20 defendants, including two journalists, guilty of terrorism related charges and violating the country's penal code.
The court has adjourned the sentencing until 3 January 2017.
The accused under the file name of the first defendant Kedir Moahmmed Yusuf were charged with several articles of Ethiopia's 2009 infamous anti-terrorism proclamation and the 2004 Penal code. They were first charged in Dec. 2014 and the trial has been ongoing since then.
Accordingly, the 20, all of them Muslims, were charged for contravening article 7(1) of the Anti-Terrorism Proclamation (652/2009) and articles 32(1) (a) and 38(1) of the FDRE Penal Code of 2004.
They were initially accused of conspiring and entering into an agreement to coerce the government to release 18 members of the Ethiopian Muslim arbitration committee, from custody where they were being tried for terrorism related offenses. However, the charges have grown to include accusations of, among others, "organizing and communicating, including via telephone, to recruit members to incite violence and participating with terrorist organizations."
Although the 18 members of the Ethiopian Muslim arbitration committee were jailed to lengthy terms of varying periods, the 20 individuals, including two journalists: Kalid Mohammed Ahmed, 26, and Darsema Sori Banqash, 48, from Radio Bilal, who were accused of coercing the state to release the 18, remained jailed.
In September 2016, Ethiopia's President Mulatu Teshome has signed a certificate pardoning nine of the 18 members of the Ethiopian Muslim arbitration committee, including the first defendant, Abubeker Ahmed, a prominent Muslim scholar who was jailed for 22 years on August 03 2015.
However, prosecutors have continued pressing the charges against the 20 defendants. They are now found guilty by the federal high court this morning.
The charges against the 20 defendants also include "inciting protests among Muslims in the cities of Addis Abeba, Jimma and Wolkite by preparing and distributing fliers and stickers claiming that the government arrested "The Committee"; organizing unlawful demonstrations calling for and inciting protests."
The trial over the last two years of Abubeker Ahmed and the remaining 19 has been marked by several irregularities including inconsistent witness statements and complaints by the defendants of having had no access to their lawyers and having been subjected to torture and duress.
Ethiopian Muslims were protesting since 2011 against what many of them say were an uncalled for interference by the government in the affairs of their religion.
The protests came to a disturbing twist on Monday Oct. 29th 2012 when a federal court in Addis Abeba decided to charge 29 Muslim protestors arrested in July of the same year with "plotting acts of terrorism" under the country's infamous anti-terror proclamation.
Many of the arrested were the Ethiopian Muslim arbitration committee members who volunteered to become members in order to seek solutions to narrow the widening gap between Muslims and the government.
The three outstanding differences the Ethiopian Muslim arbitration committee, simply known as "The Committee", were trying to resolve were the demand by Muslims for the restoration of the Awoliya College and Secondary School administration which was sacked by the government in Dec. 2011; a free election without the interference of the government to replace members of the Islamic Supreme Council (Mejlis), again sacked by the government; and an end to the government's attempt to publish and distribute books which carry a new Islamic teaching called Al-Habesh.
The government denied its hands were on all the three demands but claimed Awoliya College and Secondary School, a highly regarded Islamic school based in Addis Abeba, had become a breeding ground for radicalism and Wahabia.
The incident triggered one of the most disciplined and sustained Friday sit-in protests by hundreds of thousands of Muslim protestors here in Addis Abeba and other major towns throughout the country that lasted for more than four years.
It also gave birth to a famous online activism on twitter and facebook by an underground group called 'Dimtsachin Yisema' (let our voices be heard) which has attracted the participation of thousands who campaigned for the release of the committee members and others arbitrarily detained during sit-in protests. However, the Friday-sit-in protests were often met by the presence of large numbers of police forces who at many occasions have clashed with protestors which led to polices' brutal use of force.
The three years trial of the Ethiopian Muslim arbitration committee members until they were jailed in August 2015 hasn't been without tense moments too. Most importantly, the judicial independence was believed to have been tarnished when a state sponsored documentary called "Jihadawi Harekat" was aired by the national television soon after the trial began. Legal experts believe the incriminating contents of the documentary had severely affected the independence of the judiciary, which struggles to maintain its distance from political pressures, often in vain.
Last week, a radio station called Radio Daandii Haqaa released a new documentary called "The Movement" chronicling the story of Ethiopian Muslims and their struggle since 2011.