3 July 2017

Africa: World Hunger On the Rise Again Due to Conflict and Climate - UN

Rome — Almost 20 million people are facing starvation because of fighting and drought in South Sudan, Nigeria, Somalia and Yemen

The number of hungry people in the world is rising again after years of decline, as millions suffer from the combined effects of conflict and climate change, the head of the U.N. food agency said on Monday.

"Preliminary data available for this year indicates that the number of undernourished people in the world has (started to) rise again," said Jose Graziano da Silva, director-general of the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).

He didn't provide an exact figure, saying final data would be available in September. "Unfortunately this is not good news," Graziano da Silva added, speaking at the FAO's biennial conference in Rome.

The number of people who did not have enough to eat had dropped to 795 million in 2014-16, down 21 percent on 1990-92, according to the FAO.

Graziano da Silva said this year's setback in the fight against hunger hardly came as a surprise, with almost 20 million people facing starvation because of fighting and drought in South Sudan, Nigeria, Somalia and Yemen.

A total of 19 countries are facing protracted crises, where conflict and violence are often combined with shocks such as drought or floods caused by global warming, he said.

"About 60 percent of the people suffering from hunger in the world live in areas affected by conflict and the impact of climate change," he said.

Achieving zero hunger by 2030 is one of the U.N.'s Sustainable Development Goals adopted by member states in 2015.

But David Beasley, head of the U.N. World Food Programme (WFP) said the goal had "zero chance of succeeding in the atmosphere that we have in the world today" due to conflicts.

Of the 13 countries where WFP spent the most money, 10 faced food insecurity due to man-made crises, he told the conference.

Bringing just a few of the world's major conflicts to an end would free enough resources to eradicate hunger, he added.

"Maybe we should slow down and back up a little and focus just on two or three big conflicts," he said.

Beasley, who was nominated for the role of WFP executive director by the administration of U.S. President Donald Trump, said the United States would maintain its levels of humanitarian funding, and called on other governments to step up support.

"I have no doubt that the United States will not turn its back. It will stand strong," he said.

- Reporting by Umberto Bacchi @UmbertoBacchi, Editing by Ros Russell

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