16 January 2018

ECA's Songwe Urges High Level Panel to Help Tackle Africa's Migration Challenges

Monrovia — Members of the High Level Panel on Migration (HLPM), which was launched last June, held their inaugural meeting in Monrovia Monday to identify and articulate key issues that form the African migration story, challenges and priorities that will form the basis of their work.

In remarks to the meeting that served as a platform for Panel members to brainstorm on issues related to international and intra-regional migration, Economic Commission for Africa's Executive Secretary, Vera Songwe, urged the HLPM to facilitate Africa's engagement on ongoing migration processes at global, regional and in some instances, country level.

Panel members, she said, should use their political influence and outcomes of the work that they will be doing to ensure Africa's active participation in the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration - a Member State-driven process which seeks to improve governance on migration, address challenges associated with today's migration, and to strengthen the contribution of migrants and migration to sustainable development.

"At ECA, we highly appreciate your commitment to migration not as a contingent fact but as an essential feature of development. ECA will support the work of the HLPM by generating the needed evidence and facilitate the participation of the panel members in the relevant forums," said Ms. Songwe.

In this regard, she added, the ECA highly appreciates the partnership with the African Union Commission and the African Development Bank in the HLPM.

"Thank you for dedicating yourselves to our common commitment to make migration work for all. This is a political necessity, an economic imperative and a matter of human rights," the ECA Chief said.

Thematic Issues

The HLPM chose for its engagement sic thematic areas to focus on. These are economic drivers of migration; population dynamics; migration governance and cooperation; leveraging financial and human resources of migration, human rights and migration data and research.

Ms. Songwe said Africa's diaspora population needs to be mobilized to invest in the creation and development of enterprises in areas of origin, adding the productive reintegration of returning migrants also needs to be supported, including through enterprise development, better data and labour market information systems, and equal access to property and land tenure rights.

The Panel is composed of fifteen eminent persons from sending, receiving and transit countries, including representatives from Pan African Institutions, the private sector, academia and civil society drawn from Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America.

Ms. Songwe said facts make it clear that African migration is not necessarily different in its magnitude from migration in and from other world regions.

ECA studies indicate that over 80 percent of African migration occurs within Africa with only a small fraction going beyond the continent - 12 percent to Europe and 6 percent to other countries.

In West Africa there are 4.7 million intra African migrants and 1.2 million migrants to Europe and America.

Ms. Songwe said continental frameworks such as the Abuja Treaty establishing the African Economic Community (1991), the Continental Free Trade Area (CFTA) and others are key elements in achieving regional integration and labour mobility in Africa.

"The ratification, enforcement and application of the norms enshrined in these instruments would go a long way in safeguarding the human rights of migrants," she said.

Ms. Songwe added: "The High-level Panel on Migration is a significant step in the right direction as it will help define a realistic and accurate understanding of migration as well as the required action for Heads of State to handle this issue responsibly and effectively."

African Development Bank (AfDB) President, Akinwumi Adesina, who received Liberia's Highest National Award for his efforts to improve the lives of African people through the bank's High 5s development priorities, also attended the meeting.

President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf chairs the HLPM.

The High-Level Panel was established at the Ninth Joint Annual Meetings of the African Union Specialized Technical Committee on Finance, Monetary Affairs, Economic Planning and Integration and the UN Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) Conference of African Ministers of Finance, Planning and Economic Development in Addis Ababa in April 2016.

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