16 April 2018

Kenya: Kenneth Matiba Stands Tall Among Kenya's Liberation Heroes

Photo: Joseph Kanyi/Daily Nation
Politician Kenneth Matiba in Kenol, Murang'a on May 19, 2016 during the official opening of the Kenneth Matiba Eye and Dental Hospital.

Kenneth Stanley Njindo Matiba was a technocrat, sportsman, businessman and politician par excellence.

But for doing the "diabolical" thing to call for multipartyism at the height of the Kanu dictatorship, Matiba and Charles Wanyoike Rubia are among a politicians who paid the heaviest price in Kenya's political history.

Matiba held many firsts. He became one of three permanent secretaries before independence at only 28; was first black chief executive officer of East African Breweries Ltd; was first African to head Kenya Football Federation; and was the first minister to break taboo and resign on principle during the Moi regime.

Still, he took on gigantic tasks in the most difficult political circumstances, baffling friend and foe.

MP KIANO

In the 1979 elections, shortly after Jomo Kenyatta's death, Matiba took on and fell a giant in then-Mbiri Constituency in Murang'a -- Gikonyo Kiano, a cabinet minister who was one of the blue-eyed boys in Jomo's regime.

The second herculean task is what Kenyans owe it to him for having risked his life to speak out against Kanu tyranny when no one would dare.

For taking on the regime, Matiba paid a heavy price of detention without trial where a stroke struck, disabling a once vibrant energetic mountain climber.

But he had lit the logs which fired what has become to be famously known as Second Liberation.

Matiba leaves behind a rich history. He was a man with conviction, a conscience, bold and ready to die for it.

HEROES

Matiba lived and fulfilled them one after the other, culminating in formation that became known as the nine heroes of the Second Liberation.

The others were Jaramogi Oginga Odinga, Masinde Muliro, Martin Shikuku, Phillip Gachoka, Salim Ndamwe, George Nthenge and Ahmed Salim Bamahriz.

Matiba travelled a long and torturous political road.

In 1990, he fired the bullet that flowered the Second Liberation, sparking ugly fights for re-introduction of multipartyism.

Riots broke out in towns all over the country.

The high moment came on Thursday May 3, 1990 when he and Charles Rubia called a press conference at Hilton Hotel.

CABINET

When word filtered about what they were going to say, government-compliant news organisations skipped it for fear of being associated with "trouble-makers".

And at the press briefing, the two dropped the bombshell.

They were bold in their edict, passing a vote no-confidence in the single party rule, and demanding the repeal of section 2(a) of the Constitution to allow formation of other political parties.

KANU

They called for the dissolution of Parliament, scrapping of the infamous 1988 mlolongo (queue-voting) system, and elections devoid of rigging.

US ambassador Smith Hempstone was addressing a parallel gathering of Rotarians in Nairobi where he said there was a tide in Congress to direct aid to countries which "nourish democratic institutions, defend human rights and practice pluralism.

They accused Kanu of intolerance and leading the country to a political eclipse akin to Romania's dictator Nicolae Causescu.

The two were arrested and detained on July 5, 1990, leading to riots across the country and sparking condemnations from the clergy.

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