Luanda — A Red List of national fauna and flora species threatened of extinction is being analysed since Wednesday, in Luanda, by scientific research and higher education institutions.
The list, which is to be published on the World Environment Day (05 June), mentions the specific condition of each species.
This move is a continuation of a work of the Ministry of the Environment with the support of partners. The red list includes three categories: Species that are Extinct, Species Threatened with Extinction and Species Vulnerable to Extinction.
Natural phenomena such as drought and floods, deforestation, poaching, exploration of minerals and others, burning, illegal fishing, air pollution are the main problems for the Angolan biodiversity.
Despite these problems, Angola is rich in biodiversity with biomes such as the Namibe Desert, the Kwanza, Okavango / Zambezi and Zaire basins, as well as the Atlantic coast from Belize (Cabinda Province) to the mouth of the Cunene River.
On April 3, as a result of a National Geographic's Cubango / Okavango basin conservation expedition, conducted between 2015 and 2016, a thousand and fifty plant samples were collected, including three thousand fish, 99 reptiles and amphibians, 407 birds and 43 mammals.
During the expedition, 1,500 plant samples were collected, with more than 40 registered observers, 14 of them potentially new and 18 newly catalogued in Angola, including two new generic registries and 15 species previously never registered in the province of Bié, 24 in the Cuando Cubango and 106 in Moxico.
The fish are more than 3,000, including 94 species in 14 families, of which five were previously recorded in the Okavango system, two are not described and three are new records for Southern Africa.
The qualities not described include a catfish specializing in living in peat swamps and a freshwater.
Reptiles and amphibians reached a figure of 99 species, representing 64 reptiles, 30 snakes, equal number of lizards, three of chelonians and one crocodile and 35 amphibians.