Environment and Natural Resource Rights Sustain Rural Communities
Rural communities depend on many natural resources and ecosystems-wildlife, water, forests and pasture-for their livelihoods and well-being. But in most African countries, local people have few rights and little effective control over natural resources. Usually, governments control high-value natural resources and alone can grant the right to use or benefit from them.
Secure tenure also means less potential for conflict and arbitrary eviction; increased opportunity for land rental and sales markets to transfer land to more productive users. And it builds household resilience to climate, environmental, financial, and health shocks by providing families a safety net.
Africa's celebration of a "Year of Agriculture and Food Security" is also a call to boost agricultural development. One in four people in sub-Saharan Africa are undernourished ... Read more »
Although both women and men have rights to land under statutory and customary tenure, the rights of women and men differ in origin, duration and scope, and are influenced by the ... Read more »