Protesting Illegal Miners Told They Own South Africa's Minerals

"It's time we demand our minerals, it's time we take our land," Meshack Mbangula, national organiser of the Mining Affected Communities United in Action organisation, told hundreds of informal miners who marched to the department of resources in Pretoria, demanding legalisation of their trade and the scrapping of the Mining Petroleum Resources Development Act.



The informal miners, or "zama-zamas", mobilised under the banner of Mining Affected Communities United in Action, an organisation formed in 2012 with the aim of uniting communities affected by large-scale mining operations on their land.