Nigeria: Rural Economic Transformation Key to Curtailing Migration

Nigerian passport.
18 December 2017

The African Development Bank has called on African countries to reconstruct rural areas from zones of economic misery to zones of economic prosperity. This will in turn expand economic opportunities for African youth, leading to improvements in their lives, thereby stemming migration.

The bank made this known in its massage on the International Migrants Day, December 18, saying that the greater economic opportunities will motivate African youth to stay on the continent and live a meaningful life.

More than ever before, Africa must rapidly modernize its agriculture and unlock its full potential.

According to Akinwumi Adesina, President of the African Development Bank, the future of Africa's youth does not lie in migration to Europe, but in a prosperous Africa.

Addressing the challenges of food insecurity is critical in addressing the more complex issues of migration and displacement. Reducing intercommunal conflict over scarce resources such as water and pasture for animals is also key.

"Staple food processing and agro-allied industrial zones will transform rural Africa from zones of economic misery to zones of economic prosperity. These zones will also allow Africa to move into agro-industrialization and become a global player in feeding the world."

Taking into account the large and increasing number of migrants in the world, the United Nations General Assembly on December 4, 2000, proclaimed December 18 International Migrants Day. Statistics from the United Nations indicate that more people are on the move than ever before, while each migrant has a unique story to tell about his or her journey.

Speaking at the recently concluded 12th African Economic Conference of the African Development Bank, UNDP and UN Economic Commission for Africa in Addis Ababa, December 4-6, 2017, Richard Joseph, a Professor of International History and Politics at Northwestern University, observed how population growth in many African countries continue to exceed income flows.

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